#few, little, a few, a little 的区别#

(a) few + 可数, (a) little + 不可数名词

a few / a little 为肯定含义,还有一点

few / little 为否定含义,没有多少了。

He has a few friends.   他有几个朋友。

He has few friends.    他几乎没有朋友。

We still have a little time. 我们还有点时间。

There is little time left.几乎没剩下什么时间了。

典型例题:

Although he 's wealthy,he spends___ on clothes.

A. little  B. few C. a little  D. a few

答案: A. spend所指的是钱,不可数,只能用little或 a little. 本句为although引导的让步,由句意知后句为否定含义,因此应用little表示几乎不。

固定搭配:

only a few (=few)  not a few (=many)  quite a few (=many)

many a (=many)

Many books were sold.

Many a book was sold.

卖出了许多书。