一口气搞定抗日战争英语词汇表-纪念九一八事变

中央编译局近期发布了抗日战争相关系列英语词汇,这些术语侧重于抗日战争期间的重大事件、战役、战术、抗战的主要力量,既充分反映了抗战的历史,也展示了中国共产党在全民族团结抗战中的中流砥柱作用。同时,还挑选了一些揭示日本侵略者滔天罪行的术语。今天是2021年9月18日,纪念九一八事变90周年。

*事变:指突然发生的重大政治、 军事性事件。泛指事物的变化。语出《荀子·富国》:“万物得宜,事变得应。英文翻译为 Incidents。

一口气搞定抗日战争英语词汇表-纪念九一八事变

勿忘国耻 吾辈自强

中国人民抗日战争

中国人民抗日战争(简称:抗日战争、抗战)

the Chinese People’s War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression (the War of Resistance)

抗日民族统一战线

Chinese united front against Japanese aggression

全面全民族抗战

total resistance against Japanese aggression by the whole nation

片面抗战

partial resistance against Japanese aggression

全国抗战

nationwide war of resistance against Japanese aggression

局部抗战

regional war of resistance against Japanese aggression

正面战场

center stage battlefield

敌后战场

backstage battlefield

战略防御/相持/反攻

strategic defense/stalemate/counter-offensive

世界反法西斯战争

the Global War against Fascism

国际反法西斯统一战线

the international anti-fascist united front

战争策源地

hotbed of war

中国战场

China theater

欧洲战场

European theater

太平洋战场

Pacific theater

东方主战场

the main Eastern battlefield

【例】中国开辟了世界反法西斯战争的东方主战场。

The main Eastern battlefield for the Global War against Fascism was developed in China.

无条件投降

unconditional surrender

中国人民抗日战争胜利纪念日

Victory Memorial Day for the Chinese People’s War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression (VM Day)

事变

事变

Incidents

九一八事变

September 18th Incident

七七事变(卢沟桥事变)

July 7th Incident (Lugou Bridge Incident)

会战、大战

会战、大战

Battle/Campaign

淞沪会战

Battle of Shanghai

平型关大捷

Battle of Pingxingguan; victory at Pingxingguan

台儿庄大捷

Battle of Tai'erzhuang; victory at Tai'erzhuang

武汉会战

Battle of Wuhan

百团大战

Hundred-Regiment Campaign

军队

军队

Army

八路军

Eighth Route Army

新四军

New Fourth Army

东北抗日联军

Northeast United Resistance Army

华南人民抗日游击队

Southern China People's Counter-Japanese Guerrilla Force

中国远征军

Chinese Expeditionary Force

战术

战术

Tactics

持久战

protracted war

游击战

guerrilla warfare

运动战

mobile warfare

地道战

tunnel warfare

地雷战

landmine warfare

地区

地区

Base/Area

抗日根据地

resistance base

解放区

liberated area

游击区

guerrilla area

敌占区(沦陷区)

enemy-occupied area; occupied area

日军侵略政策

日军侵略政策

Aggression policies

“大东亚共荣圈”

“Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere”

“三光”政策

“Three Alls” policy (kill all, burn all, loot all)

“731部队”(满洲第731部队)

“Unit 731” (Unit 731 of Manchuria)

南京大屠杀

Nanjing Massacre

“慰安妇”

“comfort women”

细菌战

germ warfare

化学战

chemical warfare

“扫荡”

“mopping-up” operation

“蚕食”

“gnawing-away” operation

“清乡”

“pacification” operation

一口气搞定抗日战争英语词汇表-纪念九一八事变

其他补充:相关战争类的词条

朝鲜战争

Korean War

反法西斯战争

world's anti-fascist war

核战争威胁

threat of nuclear war

机械化战争

armored warfare

甲午战争

Sino Japanese War in 1895

全面大规模战争

large-scale wars

卫国战争

the Great Patriotic War

信息化战争

win a war in a digital age

信息化战争时代

era of information-based warfare

鸦片战争

the Opium War

要和平不要战争

what we need is peace; not war.

战争形态

war form

战争演变规律

changing rules of warfare

朝韩非军事区

Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ)

强化军事同盟

strengthen military alliances

涉密军事项目

secret-involving military projects

重大军事活动相互通报机制

a notification mechanism for major military activities

重大军事行动相互通报机制

notification mechanism for major military activities

重点、敏感军事设施周边企业

neighboring enterprises of key and sensitive military facilities

单边军事干预

unilateral military interventions

高素质新型军事人才

high-caliber military personnel

积极防御的军事战略

a military strategy featuring active defense

建立军事安全互信机制

build military security mechanism of mutual trust

军事安全

security-related military

军事安全

military security; security-related military

军事斗争准备

military preparedness

军事法规制度体系

military laws and regulations

军事法治保障体系

institutional guarantees

军事法治监督体系

oversight guarantees

军事法治实施体系

implementation mechanisms

军事管理革命

transformation of military management

军事互信

mutual trust in the military field

军事互信机制

military confidence-building mechanisms

军事机制建设

Mechanism Building

军事禁区

prohibited military zone

军事扩张

military expansion

军事理论建设

development of military theories

军事通信

military communication

军事同盟

military alliance

军事透明

military transparency

军事优先

military priority

军事战略创新发展

innovation and development of our military strategy

军事、文化、社会安全

military; cultural and social security

扩大军事同盟

military expansion

联合反恐军事演习

joint counter-terrorism military exercise

美国双边军事同盟体系问题

bilateral military alliances

美国众议院军事委员会

House Armed Services Committee

 

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