What’s the difference between tax avoidanceand tax evasion? The difference used to matter. Evasion was illegal. It meant not paying tax that was due. Avoidance meant arranging your affairs so tax wasn’t due.
1.不可数名词 Tax evasion is the crime of not paying the full amount of tax that you should pay. 偷税，漏税，逃税
例子：In April he was charged with tax evasion and breach of trust. 4月，他又因偷税和违反信托受到指控。
1.有变体名词 Evasion means deliberately avoiding something that you are supposed to do or deal with. 逃避
例：He was arrested for tax evasion. 他因逃税被捕。
1.不可数名词 Avoidance of someone or something is the act of avoiding them. 避免
例：A person's health improves with the avoidance of stress. 一个人只要避免紧张，健康状况就会改善。
Here’s how tax havens are used. Trusts and companies are set up in places with low tax rates and secrecy laws such as the Bahamas, Cayman Islands, Hong Kong, Singapore, Switzerland, the US state of Delaware and the Republic or Ireland.
1.不可数名词 Secrecy is the act of keeping something secret, or the state of being kept secret. 保密; 秘密
例：The government has thrown a blanket of secrecy over the details. 政府已对这些细节严加保密。
If, for example, a wealthy celebrity or a politician wants to buy a new yacht or a luxury villa but doesn’t want to pay tax or stamp duty or expose their wealth to scrutiny they can get their lawyer or accountant to do it through such a trust.
1.可数名词 Someone who is a beneficiary of something is helped by it. 受益者
例：One of the main beneficiaries of the early election is thought to be the former president.前总统被认为是早期选举的主要受益者之一。
It isn’t illegal for the celebrity or a politician to move their money (so long as it is theirs to begin with). Assets within the trust are subject to local tax laws (sometimes zero tax) and local secrecy laws (sometimes complete secrecy).