13个句型,帮你记住高中英语全部语法

1

as 句型

(1) as引导方式状语从句句型: "按照……;正如……"
  • As (it is) in your country, we grow wheat in the north and rice in the south. 
    正如(像)你们国家一样,我们北方种植小麦,南方种植水稻。
(2) as+形容词/副词原级+(a /an)+名词+as ;
否定式:not as/so ... as
  • He is as good a player as his sister.
    他和他姐姐一样是位优秀的运动员。
(3) such + n. + as to do 如此……以致于……
  • She is such a fool as to believe what he said.
    她是一个如此的一个笨蛋以致相信了他所说的话。
(4) so + adj./adv. + as to do sth 如此……以致于……
  • He was so strong as to carry the heavy box.
    他是如此的强壮以致于能提起那重箱子。
(5) such... as... 像……之类的…… (接名词或定语从句)
  • He wished to be such a man as Lei Feng was.
    他希望成为一个像雷锋这样的人。
(6) the same +名词+as 和……一样的…… (接名词或定语从句)
  • He is not the same man as he used to be.
    他不是从前的那样子了。
(7) as 引导非限制性定语从句
  • As is known to us, knowledge is power.
    众所周知,知识就是力量。
(8) 引导时间状语从句,与while意义相近
  • We get wiser as we get older.
    随着我们长大,我们也变得越来越聪明。
(9) 引导原因状语从句,与 because的用法相近
  • As it was getting very late, we soon turned back.
    因为越来越迟了,所以我们不久就回来了。
(10) 引导让步状语从句
  • Child as he is, he knows much about science.
    尽管他是一个小孩,但他对科学了解得很多。

2

prefer 句型

(1) prefer to do sth
  • I prefer to stay at home.
    我宁愿待在家里。
(2) prefer doing sth
  • I prefer playing in defence.
    我喜欢打防守。
(3) prefer sb to do sth
  • Would you prefer me to stay?
    你愿意我留下来吗?
(4) prefer to do sth rather than do sth
  • I prefer to stay at home rather than go out.
    我宁愿待在家里而不愿出去。
(5) prefer doing sth to doing sth
  • I prefer watching football to playing it.
    我喜欢看足球,不喜欢打足球。
(6) prefer sth to sth
  • I prefer tea to coffee.
    我要茶不要咖啡。

3

when 句型

(1) be doing sth... when...
  • He was still smiling when the door opened and his wife came in.
    他正笑着的时候门突然开了,他妻子走了进来。
(2) be about to do sth... when...
  • We were about to start when it began to rain.
    我们刚要出发,天就开始下雨了。
(3) had just done... when...
  • I had just gone to bed after a very hard day when the phone rang.
    在劳累了一天之后我刚刚就寝,电话铃就响了。

4

seem 句型

(1) It +seems + that从句
  • It seemed that everyone was satisfied.
    看来好像每个人都很满意。
(2) It seems to sb that ...
  • It seems to me that she is right.
    我看她是对的。
(3) There seems to be ...
  • There seems to be a heavy rain.
    看上去要有一场大雨。
(4) It seems as if ...
  • It seemed that she couldn't come to class.
    看样子她不能来上课了。

5

表示"相差……; 增加了……; 增加到……"句型

  • She is taller than I by three inches.
    她比我高三英寸。
  • There is one year between us.
    我们之间相差一岁。
  • She is three years old than I.
    她比我大三岁。
  • They have increased the price by 50%.
    他们把价格上涨了50%。
  • His salary has rised to 10,000 yuan per month.
    他的工资已经涨到了每月10,000元。

6

what 引导的名词性从句

(1) what 引导主语从句
  • What surprised me is that everybody seemed to be very indifferent to her.
    让我吃惊的是每个人似乎对她都很冷淡。
[ indifferent adj. 不关心的; 冷漠的 ]
(2) what 引导宾语从句
  • We can learn what we do not know.
    我们能学会我们不懂的东西。
(3) what 引导表语从句
  • That is what I want.
    那正是我所要的。
(4) what 引导同位语从句
  • I have no idea what they are talking about.
    我不知道他们正在谈论什么。

7

too 句型

(1) too ... to do ...
  • Politics is too important to be left to the politicians. (=Politics is so important that it can't be left to the politicians.)
    政治太重要了,不能由政治家来决定。
(2) only too ... to do ...
  • I shall be only too pleased to get home.
    我要回到家里就非常高兴。
(3) too + adj + for sth
  • These shoes are much too small for me.
    我穿这双鞋太小了。
(4) too + adj + a + n.
  • This is too difficult a text for me.
    这篇课文对我来说太难了。
(5) can't … too +形容词  无论……也不为过
  • We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much.
    我们再怎么强调保护眼睛的重要性也不为过。

8

where 句型

(1) where 引导的定语从句
  • This is the house where he lived last year.
    这就是他去年住过的房子。
(2) where 引导的状语从句
  • Where there is a will,there is a way.
    有志者事竟成。
  • He left his key where he could find.
    他将钥匙放在易找到的地方。
  • I will go where I want to go.
    我要去我想去的地方。
(3) where 引导的表语从句
  • This is where you are wrong.
    这正是你错的地方。

9

wish 句型

(1) wish that sb did sth 希望某人现在做某事
  • I wish I were as strong as you.
    我希望和你一样强壮。
(2) wish that sb had done sth 希望某人过去做某事
  • I wish you had told me earlier
    要是你早点告诉我就好了。
(3) wish that sb would/could do sth 希望某人将来做某事
  • I wish you would succeed this time.
    我希望你这次会成功。

10

would rather 句型

(1) would rather do sth than do sth 宁愿做……而不愿做……
  • She would rather die than turn against his motherland.
    她宁可死也不去背叛祖国。
(2) would rather have done sth 宁愿过去做过某事
  • I would rather have taken his advice.
    我宁愿过去接受他的意见。
(3) would rather sb had done sth 宁愿某人过去做过某事
  • I would rather I had passed the examination last week.
    我真希望通过上星期的考试。
(4) would rather sb did sth 宁愿某人现在或将来做某事
  • Who would you rather went with you?
    你宁愿谁和你一起去?

11

before 句型

(1) before sb can/ could… 某人还没来得及……
  • Before I could get in a word, he had measured me.
    我还没来得及插话,他就给我量好了尺寸。
(2) It will be +时间+ before + 还有多长时间……
  • It will be 4 years before he graduates.
    他还有四年时间便毕业了。
(3) had done some time before (才……)
  • We had sailed four days and four nights before we saw land.
    我们航行了四天四夜才见到陆地。
(4) had not done... before... 不到……就……
  • We hadn't run a mile before he felt tired.
    我们还没走到一英里路就觉得累了。
(5) It was not +一段时间+ before 不多久就……
  • It wasn't two years before he left the country.
    还没到两年他们离开了那国家。

12

强调句型

(1) It is /was +被强调部分+that(who)...
  • It was I who wrote to my uncle yesterday.
    是我昨天给我叔叔写信的。
(2) Is/was it + 被强调部分 + that (who) ...
  • Was it your brother that you met in the street?
    在街上你遇见的是你兄弟吗?
(3) Where/who/what/how等特殊疑问词 + is/was it that ...
  • How is it that you will go to visit her tomorrow?
    明天你究竟怎样去看望她?
(4) do/does/did +谓语动词 (强调谓语)
  • They do know the place well.
    他们的确很熟悉那个地方。

13

用于表示过去未实现的希望和计划的句型

(1) would like to/ would love to have done sth.
  • I would like to have written to you.
    我本想给你写信的。
(2) was / were going to do sth. (用过去将来时态表示原打算做什么)
  • Lucy was going to watch a basketball match.
    Lucy 原打算看一场篮球比赛。
声明: 内容整理自网络,版权归原作者或平台所有。侵删