湖南专用|高一必修三unit1 课文+课文翻译(新教材)

The Amazon rainforest: a natural treasure


Welcome to the jungle, a huge sea of green alive with the sounds of animals. This is the Amazon rainforest. As the largest rainforest in the world, it plays a significant role in maintaining the fine balance of the Earth's ecosystem.

欢迎来到丛林,这是一片绿色的海 洋,处处可闻各种动物的声音。这里是 亚马孙雨林。作为世界上最大的雨林,它在维系地球生态系统的微妙平衡上扮演着举足轻重的角色。

The Amazon rainforest crosses into eight countries, including Brazil and Peru, and one overseas region of France, all on the South American continent. With an area

of around 6 million square kilometres , the Amazon rainforest is more than half the

size of China. The Amazon River, from which the rainforest gets its name, is close

to 6,400 kilometres in length-roughly 100 kilometres longer than the Yangtze River. On its journey from the mountains to the ocean, the river supports many different ecosystems. They give this area the richest biodiversity on the Earth: one in ten known species in the world can be found here.



Of the 390,000 plant species known to us, more than 40,000 can be found in the Amazon. This tall and ancient brazil nut tree produces nuts that we can eat; these

water lilies are big enough to lie down on. The forest's different levels support an

unbelievable variety of wildlife. At the bottom, there is a system of roots beneath

the ground. Above that is the mass of leaf litter on the dark forest floor. The next

level is made up of shorter plants with large leaves. Then there are the towering

ancient hardwoods, and finally the tops of the tallest trees many metres above the

ground. Each level of the forest forms its own little world, home to different kinds

of living things.


More than 1,300 species of birds and over 400 species of mammals hide among the

jungle's plant life. This jaguar is one example. It has a yellowish-brown coat with

black spots. While a significant number of jaguars survive here, they are only one

on at least 87 species, including frogs. These frogs, in turn, feed on insects which eat leaves and fruit. When a jaguar dies, a tiny army of microorganisms helps break down its body and return the nutrients to the earth.



The Amazon rainforest breathes life into the planet by fixing carbon and producing over 20 per cent of all the Earth's oxygen. Thus, it is often known as the lungs of

the planet". Moreover, the Amazon rainforest is a treasure house of species that can

be used for food or medicine. Yet there is one major danger to these irreplaceable

plants and animals: us. Over the past 50 years, about 17 per cent of the rainforest

has disappeared due to human activities such as agriculture and cattie farming. As

the impact of human activities continues to grow and the list of species in danger

of extinction becomes longer, we are left with a question: can we afford to damage

the lungs of the planet”?




News that Matters:pollution in Norgate《焦点新闻》:诺盖特市的污染


HOST: Good evening and welcome to News  that  Matters.  Our  topic  today  is pollution  in  Norgate.  Joining  us  in  the studio tonight are James Smith, a local resident; Vincent Brown, senior manager of a local factory; and Julie Archer, chief of the Norgate Environmental Protection Committee. Welcome.



Norgates  rapid  development  has  had significant   environmental   costs.   Mr Smith, youve lived in this city for over 20  years. How  would you  describe the effects of pollution over that time?



SMITH: Its been awful, really. When I first moved here, the air was fresh, the

grass  green  and  the  water  clear.  Then heavy industry factories  moved  in,  and things became entirely different. I dont enjoy outdoor  activities  any  more.  The river is dirty and smelly. The smog in the air has coloured the sky a smoky grey; its also given me a cough that I cant get rid  of.  For  health  and  safety  reasons alone, heavy industry has to go.





HOST:  Mr   Smith   protested   against heavy  industry.  Mr  Brown,  would  you like to respond?



BROWN: Well, Im sorry you feel that way, Mr Smith. People tend to connect factories with pictures of clouds of dirty smoke  and  irresponsible  businessmen

eager to make huge profits. In defence of the factories, however, Id like to point

out that we also try to control the amount of pollution we produce. I think I speak

for all factory managers when I say were deeply concerned about the environment.

Weve  been  taking  various  measures, including the use of new technologies, to

reduce   pollution   in   the   production process, even though these measures raise our production costs. Id also like to draw your attention to the economic benefits

factories have brought to Norgate. Weve created many jobs for local residents and helped the citys economy grow.




HOST:  Thank  you,  Mr  Brown.  With pollution levels on the rise, the Norgate

Environmental  Protection  Committee  is searching for ways to fight the problem.

Mrs Archer, what are your thoughts on how to deal with pollution?



ARCHER: Well,  our  committee  has  a major role to play in maintaining air and

water  quality.  We  have  to  achieve  a balancebetweenenvironmental protection  and  economic  development. Weve made environmental policies for

businesses to observe, like strict clean-up requirements. We also work hand in hand

with  other  branches  of  government  to ensure  that  development  strategies  are followed in an environmentally friendly way.  However,  fighting  pollution  isnt just   a   task   for   factories   and   the government.Ithas to be  a community-wide effort, and everyone can help by following the golden rule: reduce, reuse and recycle. For example, you can save  energy  by  taking  the  bus  or  the subway, or using the bike-sharing system.




HOST:  Thank  you,  Mrs  Archer,  and thanks  again  to  all  of  our  guests.  A former  UN  official  once  said,  Saving our planet, lifting people out of poverty, advancing economic growth ... these are one and the same fight.The fortunes of our  environment  and  our  economy  are inseparable. Its our duty to protect the environment while we aim for economic development.  Its  our  duty  to  leave  a better, cleaner and healthier planet to our children. Its our duty to build a human community with a shared future.




1, harm  [hɑːm]n. 伤害;损害vt. 伤害;危害;损害

2, soil  [sɔɪl]n. 土地;土壤;国家;粪便;务农;温床vt. 弄脏;污辱

vi. 变脏

3, ecosystem  [ˈiːkəʊsɪstəm]n. 生态系统

4, overseas  [ˌəʊvəˈsiːz]adv. 在海外,向国外adj. 海外的,国外的

5, region  [ˈriːdʒən]n. 地区;范围;部位

6, continent  [ˈkɒntɪnənt]n. 大陆,洲,陆地

7, million  [ˈmɪljən]n. 百万;无数adj. 百万的;无数的num. 百万

8, length  [leŋkθ]n. 长度,长;

9, biodiversity  [ˌbaɪəʊdaɪˈːsəti]n. 生物多样性

10, species  [ˈspiːʃiːz]n. 物种,种类

11, nut  [nʌt]n. 坚果

12, Brazil nut  巴西胡桃

13, lily  [ˈlɪli]n. 百合花,百合;类似百合花的植物;洁白之物adj. 洁白的,纯洁的

14, water lily  睡莲;荷花

15, variety  [vəˈraɪəti]n. 多样;种类;杂耍;变化,多样化

16, wildlife  [ˈwaɪldlaɪf]n. 野生动植物adj. 野生动植物的

17, beneath  [bɪˈniːθ]prep. 在……之下;(对某人来说)不够好,不相称;低于,次于n. 在下方,在底下

18, mass  [mæs]n. 块,团;群众,民众;大量,众多;质量adj大规模的,集中的

19, towering  [ˈtaʊərɪŋ]adj. 高耸的;卓越的

20, hardwood  [ˈhɑːdwʊd]n. 硬木,硬木材

21, living  [ˈlɪvɪŋ]adj. 活的;现存的;在使用的;n. 生计;生活方式

22, mammal  [ˈmæml]n. [脊椎] 哺乳动物

23, jaguar  [ˈdʒæɡjuə(r)]n. [脊椎] 美洲虎

24, survive  [səˈvaɪv]vt. 幸存;生还;幸免于;比……活得长vi. 存活;继续存在

25, frog  [frɒɡ]n. 青蛙

26, in turn  反过来;转而;轮流,依次

27, insect  [ˈɪnsekt]n. 昆虫;

28, microorganism  [ˌmaɪkrəʊˈɔːɡənɪzəm]n. [] 微生物;微小动植物

29, break down  [breɪk daʊn]分解;发生故障

30, nutrient  [ˈnjuːtriənt]n. 营养物;滋养物adj. 营养的;滋养的

31, breathe life into  带来生机 注入活力

32, carbon  [ˈkɑːbən]n. [化学] 碳;碳棒;复写纸adj. 碳的;碳处理的

33, oxygen  [ˈɒksɪdʒən]n. [化学] 氧气,[化学]

34, thus  [ðʌs]adv. 因此;从而;这样;如此

35, disappear  [ˌdɪsəˈpɪə(r)]vi. 消失;失踪;不复存在vt. 使…不存在;使…消失

36, due to  prep. 由于;应归于

37, agriculture  [ˈæɡrɪkʌltʃə(r)]n. 农业;农耕;农业生产;农艺,农学

38, cattle  [ˈkætl]n. 牛;牲畜(骂人的话)

39, impact  [ˈɪmpækt]n. 影响;效果;碰撞;冲击力

40, extinction  [ɪkˈstɪŋkʃn]n. 灭绝;消失;消灭;废止

41, damage  [ˈdæmɪdʒ]n. 损害;损毁;赔偿金vi. 损害;损毁vt. 损害,毁坏

42, climate  [ˈklaɪmət]n. 气候;风气;思潮;风土

43, build up  [ˈbɪld ʌp]增进,加强

44, global  [ˈɡləʊbl]adj. 全球的;总体的;球形的

45, greenhouse  [ˈɡriːnhaʊs]n. 温室 造成温室效应的

46, gas  [ɡæs]n. 气体;[矿业] 瓦斯;汽油;毒气

47, drought  [draʊt]n. 干旱;缺乏

48, come up with 提出;想出;赶上

49, call for  v. 要求;需要;提倡;邀请;为……叫喊;前往接某人

50, application  [ˌæplɪˈkeɪʃn]n. 应用;申请;应用程序;敷用;(对事物、学习等)投入

51, brochure  [ˈbrəʊʃə(r)]n. 手册,小册子

52, organization  [ˌɔːɡənaɪˈzeɪʃn]n. 组织;机构;体制;团体

53, absolutely  [ˈæbsəluːtli]adv. 绝对地;完全地

54, belt  [belt]n. 带;腰带;地带

55, medal  [ˈmedl]n. 勋章,奖章;纪念章

56, image  [ˈɪmɪdʒ]n. 影像;想象;肖像;偶像

57, shark  [ʃɑːk]n. 鲨鱼;骗子

58, spring to mind  想到

59, whale  [weɪl]n. 鲸;巨大的东西

60, deer  [dɪə(r)]n. 鹿

61, track  [træk]n. 轨道;足迹,踪迹;小道vt. 追踪;通过;循路而行vi. 追踪;走;留下足迹

62, habitat  [ˈhæbɪtæt]n. [生态] 栖息地,产地

63, nowhere  [ˈnəʊweə(r)]adv. 无处;任何地方都不;毫无结果n. 无处;任何地方;无名之地

64, dolphin  [ˈdɒlfɪn]n. 海豚

65, resident  [ˈrezɪdənt]n. 居民;(旅店)房客;住院医生,

66, chief  [tʃiːf]n. 首领;酋长;主要部分adj. 首席的;主要的;主任的adv. 主要地;首要地

67, committee  [kəˈmɪti]n. 委员会

68, entirely  [ɪnˈtaɪəli]adv. 完全地,彻底地

69, smog  [smɒɡ]n. 烟雾

70, get rid of  摆脱,除去

71, protest  [ˈprəʊtest; prəˈtest]n. 抗议,反对;v. 抗议,反对;坚决表示,断言;拒付

72, profit  [ˈprɒfɪt]n. 利润;利益vi. 获利;有益vt. 有益于

73, defence  [dɪˈfens]n. 防御;防卫;答辩;防卫设备

74, various  [ˈveəriəs]adj. 各种各样的;多方面的

75, process  [prəˈses; (for n.) ˈprəʊses]n. (为达到某一目标的)过程

76, economic  [ˌiːˈnɒmɪk; ˌekəˈnɒmɪk]adj. 经济的,经济上的;经济学的

77, policy  [ˈpɒləsi]n. 政策,方针;保险单

78, branch  [brɑːntʃ]n. 分支;分公司;分部;树枝;支流;岔路;(血管)分枝

79, strategy  [ˈstrætədʒi]n. 战略,策略

80, recycle  [ˌriːˈsaɪkl]v. 回收利用;使再循环;重新使用n. 回收利用,循环使用

81, subway  [ˈsʌbweɪ]n. 地铁;地道

82, former  [ˈːmə(r)]adj. 从前的,前者的;前任的

83, official  [əˈfɪʃl]adj. 官方的;正式的;公务的n. 官员;公务员;高级职员

84, poverty  [ˈpɒvəti]n. 贫困;困难;缺少;低劣

85, poison  [ˈpɔɪzn]n. 毒药;极有害的思想

86, chemical  [ˈkemɪkl]n. 化学制品,化学药品adj. 化学的

87, consequence  [ˈkɒnsɪkwəns]n. 结果;重要性;推论

88, give rise to  [ɡɪv raɪz tu]使发生,引起

89, further  [ˈːðə(r)]adv. 更远地;远非(如此);进一步地;而且;处于更高阶段adj. 更多的,附加的;更远的;进一步的,深一层的v. 促进,增进,助长