新高考读后续写| 句式提升之现在分词的使用

现在分词短语可以常用来表示伴随动作,也可替换状语从句、定语从句和名词性从句等,使句子结构更加紧凑。

一、请仔细观察下列句子中的现在分词使用

1. "None of us do," said Dr. Dorian, sighing. "         

2. He said, looking down at his daughter with love.  

3. "How's Avery?" he asked, opening his eyes wide. 

4. "What are your names, please?" asked Wilbur, trembling with joy.

5. Mrs Black sat down, breathing heavily

6. He slept the first night in a fieldfeeling lonely, tired, cold and hungry.

7. Seeing the helicopter, Jane waved her yellow blouse, screaming for help. 

二、请使用现在分词结构改写下列句子或小段落

1. He was trembling in a blanket and he said, “I’m cold.”

 【答案】 Trembling in a blanket, he said, “I’m cold.”

2. I sat back in an easy chair and fell asleep.

 【答案】 Sitting back in an easy chair, I fell asleep.

3. When I saw no one noticing us, I put the Christmas present down and left.

 【答案】 Seeing no one noticing us, I put the Christmas present down and left.

4. When she arrived there, she searched the unfamiliar building, and asked for Zatanna’s dormitory from door to door.

 【答案】Arriving there, she searched the unfamiliar building, asking for Zatanna’s dormitory from door to door.

5.  He looked at me and bit his lips, as if he was thinking.

 【答案】He looked at me, biting his lips, as if thinking.

6. For a few moments I just stood there. I held that ten-dollar bill and I wondered what to buy and who to buy it for.

 【答案】

 

7.  When he saw the coat in the bag, he looked very astonished and then asked his mother to come out.

   【答案】

 

8. ‘Here,’ he said. At the same time he handed the coins to the gatekeeper.

   【答案】

 

9. A tall girl answered the door and she was frowning. She told Emily that Zatanna was working in the school café. When she heard this, Emily forced a faint smile, thanked her and left.

   【答案】

 

10. She wrote “To Bobby, From Santa Claus” on it. Then she drove me over to Bobby Decker’s house as she explained I was officially one of Santa’s helpers.

   【答案】

 

三、实战演练

阅读下面短文,根据所给情节进行续写,使之构成一个完整的故事。

An 80-year-old man was sitting on the sofa in his house along with his 45-year-old highly educated son. Suddenly a crow(乌鸦)perched(栖息)on their window.

The father asked his son, “What is this?” The son replied, “It is a crow.

After a few minutes, the father asked his son for the second time, “What is this?” The son said, “Father, I have just now told you, it’s a crow!”

After a little while, the old father again asked his son for the third time, “What is this?”

At this time some expression of irritation(恼怒)was felt in the son’s tone when he said to his father with a rebuff(生硬回绝). “It’s a crow, a crow.” A little while later, the father again asked his son the fourth time, “What is this?”

This time, the son shouted at his father, “Why do you keep asking me the same question again and again, although I have told you so many times ‘IT IS A CROW’. Are you not able to understand this?”

A little later the father went to his room and came back with an old tattered(发皱的)diary, which he had maintained since his son was born.

On opening a page, he asked his son to read that page.

When the son read it, the following words were written in the diary:

“Today my little son aged three was sitting with me on the sofa, when a crow was sitting on the window. My son asked me 23 times what it was, and I replied to him all 23 times that it was a crow. I hugged him lovingly each time he asked me the same question. I did not at all feel irritated but I rather felt affection for my innocent son.

注意:

1.所续写短文的词数应为150左右;

2.应使用5个以上短文中标有下划线的关键词语;

3.续写部分分为两段,每段的开头语已为你写好;

4.续写完成后,请用下划线标出你所使用的关键词语。

注意:

1. 所续写短文的词数应为l50左右;

2. 至少使用5个短文中标有下划线的关键词语:

3. 续写部分分为两段,每段的开头语已为你写好;

4. 续写完成后,请用下划线标出你所使用的关键词语。

Paragraph 1:

After reading the diary,_____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

Paragraph 2:

Feeling ashamed, the son got down on his knees before his father.__________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

【参考范文】

Paragraph 1:

After reading the diary, the son was filled with tears and began to reflect on the days when he used to sit together with his father. His father would patiently answer the same question all 23 times without feeling irritation while his father asked him the same question just four times! The son thought to himself: If I attain old age, how will my son look at me? Will he think of me as a burden? Will he shout at me because of my poor sight, poor hearing or poor understanding?

Paragraph 2:

Feeling ashamed, the son got down on his knees before his father. He made an apology to his father, begging his father to forgive him for his bad behavior. He said this aloud, “I promise to see you happy forever, Dad. It is you who have cared for me ever since I was a little child, showering your selfless affection on me. You worked hard to make money so that I could afford to go to university. I will look after you in the best way.”

点评故事情节完整合理、叙述流畅、描写细腻。文中Ving的使用使得故事情节更加紧凑、描写更加生动传神、语言表达形式也更加丰富。