浙江2022年1月高考英语试卷评析(后附读后续写原文文本)

01
这次考试为什么重要?
 
2022届高考生在2022年需经两次重要考试,一次是一月的选考和英语高考,另一次是六月的语数英高考和选考。一月这次考试可以说是浙江2022届考生的首次高考。它的重要性不言而喻。
主要体现在这几个方面:
一、这次考试的选考和英语四门科的成绩,要作为各大高校三位一体入围资格的判断标准。四门总分高于410分,就可能有机会初审入围名校三位一体,如浙江大学,复旦大学,上海交大,中国科学院大学等。
二、首考考得好会更有利于后续学习和成绩提升。选考科目拿到了高分,如97以上,则可以选择不参加第二次六月的选考。或者91分以上的同学可以弃学不弃考。这样一来,能腾出大量的时间自由安排复习另外的薄弱的科目和知识点。
三、首考考得好,可以极大增强考生面对高考的信心。成绩优秀的学生,信心会越强,在接下来的时间里复习会更加努力,最后考出非常优异的高考成绩。
02
浙江2022年1月选考和英语科目试题评析
英语——彰显育人目标,聚焦关键能力
杭州基础教育研究室 特级教师 周瑜
杭州学军中学 特级教师 姜发兵

2022年1月浙江省英语高考卷命题延续多年来的命题特色,试题结构稳定,设题科学严谨、难易适中,内容真实丰富,语料多样地道,符合以核心素养为导向的考核评价要求。

一、注重育人功能

试题围绕人与环境、人与社会、人与自我三大主题语境,培养学生做人、做事健全的方式方法和良好的情感态度。其中阅读A篇讲一个人失业后机缘巧合成为宠物运送员的故事,给学生职业生涯规划带来启迪。阅读理解的第二节,作者建议人们如何有效而快乐地利用好时间,帮助学生学会自我管理。完形填空语篇中一位得了眼疾的老太太努力为自己和同病者带来光明,故事传达了乐观的精神和守望相助的大爱。读后续写原文讲的是作者和项目作业队友的矛盾,续文需要展现出合作精神和同感心,才能较好完成表达任务。语法填空讲的是一位美国教授为了应对气候变化,积极减少学术活动中的航空旅行并充分利用远程科技找到替代方案的故事。文章表达了个人对自然的关切和对社会的责任,期待学生见贤思齐,给社会带来正向、积极的变化。应用文则要求学生给一位爱尔兰朋友写信,谈谈“中国-爱尔兰文化节”的活动体会和感受,试题不仅有利于激发学生对国家和民族文化的认同感和自信心,也有利于学生增强人类命运共同体的意识。阅读C篇介绍了一项持续数十年的科学研究的成果和局限,有利于培养学生实事求是的科学精神。

二、考查关键能力

全卷包含长短不一的10多个语篇,既考查了学生听、说、读、写各方面的技能和策略,也考查了学生比较、归纳、分析、整合等方面的思维能力。阅读21、23等题考核学生细节的定位和理解能力;24、25、26、29、33、35等题考查了学生推理和推断文意和文体的能力;27、55题以及阅读理解第二节,着重考查学生对语篇衔接性和连贯性的理解,学生必须对衔接(如指称)、逻辑(如并列、因果、转折、增补等)等有较好的把握能力才能顺利答题。28、30、31、32、34等题考查学生综合、概括的能力。读后续写则考查学生理解、评判并创造性地表达自己观点和态度的能力。

在考核能力的同时,试卷也对词汇、词块、语法等基础知识进行考查,但是这些考查都建立在包含着真实的生活或学术情景的语篇之中,学生必须掌握一定的语篇和语用知识才能正确答题。

三、语料真实丰富

试卷语篇类型多样,包含新闻故事、书评、研究报告等;选文内容多元,跨越环境、饮食、心理、科技、职业及健康等不同领域,富有知识性、教育性与趣味性;话题丰富,包含银行开户、家庭角色、毕业典礼,职业选择、科技史、气候变化等等,主题与内容符合学生的认知水平。

整体而言,该试卷兼具思想性、实用性,既能全面、准确地评价学生的知识、技能和素养,也能为学生拓展生活视野或境界奠定基础。总之,试卷较为准确地体现了《课标》的理念,同时对英语教学实践中如何落实核心素养做出了准确而明晰的指引。

附:读后续写原文及翻译
An Unlikely Hero
Tong Lu
  When Dr. Gullickson was assigning project mates for his introduction to experimental psychology class, I secretly hoped he would pair me with a cute coed or at least a classmate I could have some fun with. Above all, I hoped he wouldn’t assign me to work with the intense, fiercely competitive, singularly serious fellow who always wore dark clothes and apparently had a personality to match. As fate would have it, Dr. Gullickson very deliberately matched everyone in class and announced that I would be working with the one person in class I wanted to avoid. 
  I went up to my new lab mate and introduced myself. He looked at me as though I weren’t there. I felt he treated me as though I would hold him back and probably cause his gradepoint average to take a nosedive1. He wasn’t outright mean or abusive2. He just gave me the impression he could do whatever project we dreamed up better if he did it alone. He was a loner, and I could only impede3 his research. He had important things to do, and I was going to be something of an annoyance he’d have to deal with. 
  Needless to say, I didn’t look forward to an entire semester of being brushed off, but I tried to make the best of it and didn’t say anything, lest I make things worse. 
  The project required each lab team to develop a hypothesis, set up an experiment to test the hypothesis, run the tests, do the statistical analysis and present the findings. Whatever grade the team received would be shared by both students. When my lab mate and I met to discuss our project, I was uneasy. Here was this challenging student who had a reputation for singlemindedness and good grades—the exact opposite of me. I was outmatched. I actually wanted to drop the class at one point, but stopped short because I didn’t want to give him the satisfaction of my chickening out. I asked my friends at work what I should do, and the overall response was to stick it out no matter what. 
 After lengthy discussions, we somehow agreed to do a study on the tactilekinesthetic perception of space. I wasn’t sure what it meant, but at least we had a topic. We started to meet regularly to formulate4 our plans, and every time I felt the project was more his than mine. The more we met, the more I resented his intelligence and his ability to cut through to the core issues. And I was aware he was much more advanced than I. He knew technical things and approached every detail with great singularity of purpose. 
  I, on the other hand, must have seemed naive, with little to offer. At one point l summoned up my courage and asked him why he seemed so uptight and serious. To my surprise, he replied that he didn’t have time for small talk or petty people and things that would waste his time. He even went on to say that he didn’t have any friends because most socalled friends were just a distraction. But, he added, when he did choose someone to be his friend, they would be a friend for life. I was floored by his cold and cynical response. Right then and there, I realized the end of the semester couldn’t come soon enough. 
  As the semester wore on, we tried to fashion a simple yet elegant experiment. Part of our job was to ‘students who had voluneered to be subjects for our project. I decided to devote5 myself to the task of working with the subjects, while he developed the scientific model. I put in my two cents’ worth whenever I could, but I still felt he was the driving force. 
  Then one day I got word that he was in the hospital. Apparently, he had been admitted for a hemorrhaging ulcer. The stress of getting the best grades, holding down a job and helping his girlfriend through the medical crisis she was going through had taken its toll on him. 
  When I visited him in the hospital, I noticed for the first time a sense of vulnerability on the face of my stoic lab mate. I knew that he was aware that I could blow the experiment, and our shared grade would shatter his lofty G. P. A. and possibly derail his chances for graduate school. I assured him I would not let him down and he should only concentrate on getting better. I would do my best. We both knew I’d have to do better than my best. 
  I had a formidable task ahead of me. I was in over my head, running the statistical data. I poured more time and energy into that project than I had ever done on any assignment in my life. I was not going to let him see me fail and have it reflect on him. I was working the graveyard shift at my job, so I used whatever quiet time from midnight to 6 A. M. to work on the project. The work consumed me. There was a sense of challenge that completely overtook me. The question remained: Was I up to it? 
  Eventually, the semester came to a close, and each team had to present its findings in front of the assembled class. When it was our turn, I did my level best to present his scientific methodology with my showmanship6. To my amazement, we were awarded an A! 
  When I told my lab mate about our shared triumph, he smiled and thanked me for carrying on. Something connected then. Something special. It had to do with trust and the exhilaration of sharing a common prize. 
  We have stayed close throughout the years. He went on to achieve a doctorate. He also went on to marry his college girlfriend. 
  I learned more than statistical analysis and experimental procedures that semester. My life has been enhanced by our encounter and challenged by this man, who became my unlikely hero. 
  And in the end, he was right: we have become friends for life.
 
另类英雄
托尼 卢纳
  当古尔利克森博士正在为实验心理学课安排研究小组时,我默默地祈祷他能够把我与一个可爱的女生,至少是一个志趣相投的同学分在一组。总而言之,我希望他不要让我与一个具有强烈竞争意识、异常严肃的家伙做搭档,这种人个性十足,并且总爱穿着深颜色的衣服。经过一番深思熟虑之后,古尔利克森博士公布了分组决定,宣布我与一个我最想躲避的人成为一组,这就像命中注定似的。
  我走到自己的实验搭档面前,作了自我介绍。他看着我的样子,仿佛我并不存在似的。我感觉到,他似乎认为我会阻碍他进步,并且很可能导致他的平均成绩直线下降。他并不完全怀有恶意,只是给了我这样的印象,无论什么实验,如果他独自去做就会做得更好。我的加入似乎只会妨碍他的研究,只能成为他不得不花时间和精力应付的麻烦,因为他是一个能够独立完成任务的人,他有重要的事情要做。
  当然,我不想把整个学期都荒废掉,为了不让事情变得更加糟糕,我什么也没说,只是尽力把实验做好。根据计划,每个实验小组要提出假设、作实验检验假设、作统计学分析、介绍研究结果。小组所取得的成绩就是每个小组成员的成绩。我每次都忐忑不安地与同伴讨论实验的问题,他的专注和优秀的成绩是出了名的,他是一个勇于挑战的人。正相反,我与他相差甚远,事实上,我心里曾经闪现过逃课的念头,然而,我不想被他看扁,所以很快放弃了这种想法。我向那些忙于工作的朋友请教我该如何去做,他们的答复全部是,无论发生什么,你都要坚持到最后。
  经过长时间讨论之后,我们终于达成一致,决定做一项关于空间触觉和动觉感知的研究。我们已经确定了题目,虽然我并不明白这是一项什么研究。为了制定计划,我们定期碰面,每次讨论决定之后,我都觉得是他制定了计划。我们碰面的次数越多,我对他的才智和直击问题核心的能力就越憎恨。我逐渐意识到,他的水平比我高很多。他很了解技术方面的知识,并且能够带着非常明确的目标去处理细节问题。
  另一方面,我能提出的建议微乎其微,看起来似乎很幼稚。有一次,我鼓起勇气问他,他为什么那么紧张严肃。他回答我说,他没有闲聊的时间,对他来说,无聊的人和事情只是浪费时间,这令我感到惊讶。他甚至告诉我,那些所谓的朋友只会令人分心,因此,他没有结交很多朋友。不过,他补充说,一旦选择某人作为自己的朋友,他就会把他们当作一生的朋友。他的冷淡和愤世嫉俗,令我感到非常震惊。当时,我恨不得这个学期马上结束。
  时光荏苒,我们尝试设计了一个非常出色的实验,而且实验操作也很简单。挑选志愿做实验对象的学生成为了我们工作的一部分,我决定致力于招募研究对象,他负责阐述科学方法。我抓住一切可能的机会陈述自己的意见,然而,我仍然有一种感觉:他才是整个实验的推动力量。
  有一天,我得知他生病住进了医院。很显然,他是因为溃疡出血才住进医院的。他想取得最好的成绩,想找一份工作,想帮助生病的女朋友度过危险期,他背负的这些压力把他压垮了。
  当去医院看望这个坚忍克己的实验伙伴时,我第一次发现,他脸上有了一种脆弱的表情。我知道,他是担心我会把实验搞砸,担心他非常高的总平均成绩会被小组实验成绩给毁掉,甚至会突然失掉进研究院的机会。我告诉他应该一心一意恢复健康,并保证我一定会付出最大的努力,不会让他失望的。我们都很清楚,我必须比最好做得还要好。
  任务非常艰巨,我埋头整理统计资料,这些资料已经超出了我的理解范围。我有生以来所做的任何作业,都不曾付出这么多的时间和精力。我不能让他看到我失败,不愿意因为我而影响他的成绩。为了能够利用一切安静的时间进行研究,我把工作时间调整到夜里,从午夜一直干到凌晨六点。我被工作吸引住了,感觉自己全身心地投入到了一场挑战之中。仍然还有问题,我能解决吗?
  在本学期即将结束的时候,各个小组终于要在所有组合小组前陈述自己的研究成果了。轮到我们组的时候,我使用自己的表演技巧阐述了他的科学方法,我竭尽了全力。我们得了“A”,这令我感到异常惊喜!
  当我告诉实验伙伴,我们共同的努力取得了成功时,他笑着感谢我完成了实验。那一刻,某些东西将我们联系在了一起。这些特别的东西,与信赖有关,与分享获奖的喜悦有关。
  这些年来,我们仍然保持着密切的关系。通过不断学习,他获得了博士学位,并与大学女友建立了家庭。
  那个学期,我学到了更多的东西,而不仅仅是统计学分析和实验过程。他是我生活中的另类英雄,我的生活因他而面临挑战,因他而变得广阔。
  事实证明,他是正确的,我们成了终生的朋友。
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