英语阅读理解:细节理解解题技巧

 

今天我们继续学习阅读理解细节理解题——间接信息题关于例证题的解题方法。

为使自己的观点更有说服力,更加明确,作者经常用具体的例子打比方,这些例句或比喻成为命题者提问的焦点。需注意的是例子或比喻一般是和文章或段落中心紧密相关的。

阅读时对于for example , for instance ,such as ,as 等引导的例子多加注意,这些例子之前或之后不远处都通常有一句总结说明性的话,这句话就是答案,即被例证的对象与目的。

 

总结说明前有时伴有提示词,如 thus ,therefore , in conclusion, as a result 等。

 高考真题 (议论文)

Many Native Americans value silence and feel it is a basic part of communicating among people . Just as some traditional Chinese and Thai persons do . Therefore ,when a person from one of these cultures is speaking and suddenly stops , what maybe implied ( 暗示 ) is that the person wants the listener to consider what has been said before continuing . In these cultures ,silence is a call for reflection.

2. Which of the following people might  regard silence as a call for careful thought?

       A. The Chinese.            

       B. The French.

       C. The Mexicans.            

       D. The Russians.

答案解析:A 细节理解题   根据文中“Many Native Americans value silence and feel it is a basic part of communicating among people . Just as some tra-ditional Chinese and Thai persons do . Therefore ,when a person from one of these cultures is speaking and suddenly stops , what maybe implied ( 暗示 ) is that the person wants the listener to consider what has been said before continuing  ”可知,中国人可能认为一个人在谈话时突然停顿是希望听话人去仔细思考。故选A。

 

 高考真题  (议论文)

Those given night milk , which contained 10 times the amount of melatonin ,were less active and less anxious than those fed with the milk collected during daytime , according to the study published in The Journal of Medicinal Food .

1. According to the text ,the mice fed with daytime milk _________.

A. stared sleep more easily

B. were more anxious

C. were less active

D. woke up later

答案解析:B 细节理解题  根据文章“  Those given night milk , which contained 10 times the amount of melatonin ,were less active and less anxious than those fed with the milk collected during daytime ”可知喝白天挤的牛奶的老鼠比喝夜间挤的牛奶的老鼠更容易焦躁。故选B。

 

今天我们学习了阅读理解细节理解题—— 间接信息题关于例证题的解题方法。 

 

希望同学们在做阅读理解题时,要注意文章中举出的一些例子,如果例子与全文主题有关,则例证主题,答案为全文主题句;如果例子与段落主题有关,那就是例证段落主题,则答案为段落主题句;此外,答案也可为例子前后总结说明性的话。

下节课我们继续学习阅读理解细节理解题——间接信息题关于定义题的解题技巧。

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