英语作文高级过渡词(对照翻译+表格)

一、文章及段落起始常用的过渡词语

to begin with  首先

【例】To begin with, smoking should be banned in public areas.

首先,在公共场合应该禁烟。

first of all第一,首先

【例】First of all, many people in remote areas still live in poverty第一,在偏远地区许多人还生活在贫困中。

in the first place首先

【例】In the first place, she can read at the rate of 100 words a minute.首先,她能每分钟阅读100字。

generally speaking总体上讲

【例】Generally speaking, the more you practice, the more skillfully you can write inEnglish.

总体上讲,练习地越多,你英文写作时就越熟练。

 

二、文章及段落结尾常用的过渡词语

therefore,thus 因此

【例】Thus,taking morning exercises regularly may reduce the chances of getting sick.

因此,定期进行晨练可以减少生病的概率。

in conclusion总之,最后

【例】in conclusion, universities should give larger amount of money to libraries.

最后,高校应该给图书馆大量拨款

in brief, in a nutshell简言之

【例】In brief, birth control is of vital importance in China

简言之,计划生育在对中国来说是十分重要的。

to sum up总而言之

【例】To sum up, out of sight, out of mind.

总而言之,眼不见,心不烦。

in a word总之

【例】In a word, country life is more beneficial than city life.

总之,乡村生活更优于城市生活。

 

三、常用表示先后次序的过渡词语

first

第一

second

第二

next

其次,然后

eventually

最后,最终

since then

自此以后

afterward

以后,随后

meanwhile

同时

therefore

因而

immediately

立刻

finally

最后,最终

【例】 Finally, the country must notagain go through the war.

最终,这个国家必须避免再次遭受战争。

 

 

四、常用表示因果关系的过渡词语

accordingly

于是

for this reason

由于这个原因

as a result of

由……结果

in this way

这样

Consequently

结果,因此

due to

由于…

Therefore

因而

because of

因为

Thus

因为

【例】 It rained, for this reason, thegame was cancelled.

由于下雨,游戏取消。

 

五、常用表示比较和对比的过渡词语

in contrast with

和…成对照

similarly

同样

Whereas

然而

on the contrary

相反

different from

与…不同

likewise

同样

Equally  important

同样重要

on the other hand

另一方面

【例】 Different from Jane, Mary isinterested in Maths.

和简不同,玛丽对数学比较感兴趣。

 

六、常用表示举例的过渡词语

a case in point

恰当的例子

for example

举例

namely(that is)

即,这就是说

for instance

举例

【例】 A case in point is the watercontrol project along the Yangtze River一个恰当的例子就是长江沿线的水控项目。

 

七、有关描写图表的过渡词语

during this time 在此期间

【例】During this time, more women took various jobs.

在此期间,更多的妇女找到了各种各样的工作

apart from 除了……之外

【例】Apart from the figures, the information below the table also suggests thegrowth of production

除了数据之外,表格下面的信息同样也反应了生产量的增长

compared with 与…,相比较

【例】Compared with the percentage of the base year, it jumped by15 percent与

基准年相比,上升了百分之十五。

from the above table/ chart/ graph根据上图(表)所示

【例】From the above chart, it can be seen that changes do occur in the society.

从上面的图表来看社会确实发生了变化

 

八、常用表示强调的过渡词语

furthermore

此外

moreover

而且

besides

此外

in fact

实际上

also

而且,也

indeed

的确

again

另外,还

in particular

尤其,特别

naturally

当然,自然,必然

【例】 Naturally, he denied that he hadcommitted the crime

他必然不承认自己犯罪了。

 

九、逻辑连接词语

先后次序关系:

second, last but not  the least, seeing...

原因、结果关系:

so..., as a result of  this, consequently, in consequence

转折关系:

even though, though,  regardless of

并列关系:

also, as well as,  either...or...

递进关系:

not only... but  also..., in order to do it…, accordingly

比较关系:

when in fact..., similarly, compared with

对比关系:

on the contrary,  contrary to, conversely

举例关系:

as the explains,like,  put it simply ,for one thing... for another..

强调关系:

particularly, to be  true, other things being equal

条件关系:

If so, if possible,  provide that

归纳总结关系:

in  brief, in short, the conclusion can be  drawn that...