1. Indeed, his sunburnt face and arms and his slim, strong body are just like those of millions of Chinese farmers, for whom he has struggled for the past five decades.2. The tramp, a poor, homeless man with a moustache, wore large trousers, worn-out shoes and a small round black hat.神态描写1. 关于“笑”的表达：--The smile froze on her lips. 她脸上的笑容僵住了。--In spite of his disappointment, he managed a weak smile. 他还是勉强露出一丝淡淡的微笑。 --Alee became happy now and a gentle smile spread over her face. 整张脸洋溢着温和的微笑。 --His face split into a wide smile. 他的脸上绽放出灿烂的笑容。 2. 有关“看”的表达： He didn’t shout, and he just glared at me silently. 他只是默默怒视着我。 He gazed at the ...., unbelievable. 他难以置信地盯着..看。 He turned to her with a frightened air. 他害怕地看着他。 He was glaring down at me again, his black eyes full of disgust.他又盯着我看，黑眼睛里充满了厌恶。Her eyes were glued to the screen. 她目不转睛地盯着屏幕。He give a glimpse of...from the corner of his eye. 他用眼睛的余角瞥了一眼。3. With tears streaming down her face, words failed her . 眼泪顺着她的脸流下来，她说不出话来。环境描写Bright sunlightA bright light streamed through the window, flooding the opening and spreading in a wide circle on the ceiling.明媚的阳光一道明亮的光线流过窗户，淹没了窗口，并在天花板上呈现一个光圈。The rain like a deluge(n. 洪水；暴雨；泛滥）The moon was overcast. The sky writhed with clouds. All at once thunder and lightning began. In a flash of light the fields were illuminated(照亮；说明） as far as the horizon. The stalks of wheat（小麦杆） bowed and the rain struck（strike过去式：击打） like a deluge. Before Yasha(人名）could collect his thoughts the sheets of water began to flail （打）the wagon（铁路货车） like a hailstorm（冰雹）. The tarpaulin（防水帆布） tore（tear过去式：撕碎/撕破） loose from the frame. The monkey choked off a terrified scream. In less than a minute the highway was mired（使......陷入泥泞）.倾盆大雨月亮看不见了。天空里乌云滚滚。一眨眼，传来了霹雳和闪电。再闪电的照耀下，田野一下子明亮起来，直到地平线。小麦杆全弯下去；雨像洪水似的倒下来。雅夏还来不及集中思想，一阵阵大雨像冰雹似的抽打起来大车来。钉在车架上的油布被扯开了。猴子吓得连一声尖叫也硬在喉咙里。不到一分钟，公路变成泥潭。The peaceful fieldsIt was a pleasant land of white houses, peaceful plowed fields and sluggish yellow rivers, but a land of contrasts, of brightest sun glare and dense shade. The plantation clearings and miles of cotton fields smiled up to a warm sun, placid, complacent.宁静的田野银色的房屋，宁静的田野，加上那懒洋洋蜿蜒而去的黄泥河水，这里可以称得上是一片安乐的地方。那一片片已经清理的垦地，和绵延数理的棉花园，都好像是对着太阳微笑，显示出一片和平宁静的景象。The twinkling starsAlmost as clearly as the sun could, the moon’s still pale light picked out vast sweeping stretching of distance, the grass shimmering and rippling like a restless sight, silver and white and grey.几乎就像在阳光下那样，一切都看得一清二楚。静穆、清淡的月光照出了广阔无垠、一览无余的远方。微光扑朔的草地发出了一片低低的窸窣声，像是不肯停歇的低回浩叹。草原上闪动着一派银色、白色、灰色。Clouds gather, driven by the rising windAs the night advanced, the clouds closing in and densely overspreading the whole sky, then very dark, it came on to blow harder and harder.当深夜来临时，云急剧地合拢起来，整个天空乌云密布，昏暗无比。
1. She shot her a meaningful look.--《秘密花园》（Secret Garden）她向他意味深长地看了一眼。2. Beli’s diamond eyes locked on toher.--《奥斯卡·瓦奥短暂而奇妙的一生》贝利钻石般的眼睛紧盯着她。3. Mary felt her heartrace.玛丽感到她的心跳加速。4. A great silence surrounded them.--《 歌剧魅影The Phantom of the Opera 》周围一片寂静。5. His name hadcompletely slipped frommy memory.---《Wuthering Heights》他的名字，我竟忘得一干二净。6. He stormed out and slammed the door shut.他怒气冲冲地跑了出去，把门重重地关上。7. We were merrily driving on the highway when suddenly one tyre burst.我们正在高速路上欢快地开着车突然一个轮胎爆胎了。8. Jenny walked slowly to the front, with her legs trembling and her heart bumpingnearly out of her chest.Jenny慢慢走到讲台，腿发抖，心都快跳出来了。9. She choked and her eyes brimmed with tears.她喉咙哽咽，眼里满是泪水。10.The moment he finished his speech in a magnetic voice, a wave of applauseerupted from the audience.他用磁性的嗓音完成了演讲，观众席中暴发一阵掌声。11. He stood leaning against the wall, unable to speak.他靠着墙站着，说不出话来。（表达伤心）12. She hugged them to her chest, and at last she was able to look up with tearful eyes and a smile.她把它们紧紧地抱在胸前，终于抬起头来，泪流满面地微笑着。13. He gave a jump in the air, twirled, ran a few steps, stopped, looked all around, sniffed the smells of afternoon, and then set off walking down through the orchard.他先是蹦跶了一下，原地转了几圈，再跑上几步，又停了下来，四下望了望，嗅了嗅午后暖洋洋的空气，然后一路跑进了果园。（开心的场景）14. Even as I was digging into my pocket to get out my revolver, I made a running step back.当我在口袋里掏出左轮手枪的时候，我后退了一步。（描写恐惧）15. Alice started to her feet, for it flashed across her mind that she had never before seen such a rabbit, and burning with curiosity, she ran across the field after it.爱丽丝跳了起来，因为她突然想到她从来没见过这样的兔子。她好奇地穿过田野，追赶那只兔子。16. We got into his car and drove up the road, stopped a few houses down from the tree.我们上了车，开上道路，然后停在了离这棵树有些距离的地方。17. Abel was quick. Good Lord, he was fast. The ringleader had made a dash for it, trying to climb over a hall. Abel grabbed him, pulled him down and dragged him back.Abel 跑的很快。这个元凶往前冲，试图反爬过大厅。但是Abel抓住他，把他拉下来并且拖了回去。18. In between sobs I told her the story.在哭的时候，告诉她这个故事.19. I ran back home, smiling and skipping along .我蹦蹦跳跳地笑着跑回家20. Abel slammed his foot on the gas and shot up onto the grass and straight toward the bottom of the tree.Able 在汽油上用力踩了一下，然后飞快的踏上草坪直直地朝树底下走去。21. Her pulses beat fast, and the blood warmed and relaxed every inch of her body.她的心跳加快，热血温暖了身体的每个部位，使她感觉到身心完全地放松了22. She arose at length and opened the door to her sister’s request.她最终站起来，在她姐姐的请求下开了门23. The waiter watched him go down the street, a very old man walking unsteadily but with dignity.那个侍者瞅着他顺着大街走去，这个年纪大的人走起路来虽然脚步不稳，却很神气。读后续写这是一种将阅读与写作紧密结合的考查形式，旨在考查考生的综合语言运用能力。读后续写的阅读材料一般以记叙文和夹叙夹议文为主。一般来说，记叙文浅显易懂，但故事情节多曲折动人，故事线索的逻辑性也较强。要求考生续写的部分多是故事发展的高潮或结局。情节曲折跌宕，线索性和逻辑性较强。考生要抓住故事的叙事线索，依据原文的写作思路续写文章，并适当发散。其实对于这类题型我们需要注意的问题是：1、写什么 2、怎么写今天我们将以2021年的8省联考题目为例，对英语读后续写方法探究！
During this past year, I've had three instances of car trouble. Each time these things happened, I was sick of the way most people hadn't bothered to help. One of those times, I was on the side of the road for close to three hours with my big Jeep. I put signs in the windows, big signs that said NEED A JACK （千斤顶），and offered money. Nothing. Right as I was about to give up, a Mexican family in a small truck pulled over, and the father bounded out.He sized up the situation and called fbr his daughter, who spoke English. He conveyed through her that he had a jack but that it was too small for the Jeep, so we would need something to support it. Then he got a saw （锯子）from the truck and cut a section out of a big log on the side of the road. We rolled it over and put his jack on top, and we were in business.I started taking the wheel off, and then, if you can believe it, I broke his tire iron. No worries: He handed it to his wife, and she was gone in a flash down the road to buy a new tire iron. She was back in 15 minutes. We finished the job, and I was a very happy man.The two of us were dirty and sweaty. His wife prepared a pot of water for us to wash our hands. I tried to put a $20 bill in the man's hand, but he wouldn't take it, so instead, I went up to the truck and gave it to his wife as quietly as I could. I asked the little girl where they lived. Mexico, she said. They were in Oregon so Mommy and Daddy could work on a fruit farm for the next few weeks. Then they would go home.注意：1. 续写词数应为150左右；2. 请按如下格式在答题卡的相应位置作答。When I was about to say goodbye, the girl asked if I'd had lunch.After they left, I got into my Jeep and opened the paper bag.
一、重点划红 During this past year, I’ve had three instances of car trouble. Each time these things happened, I wassick of the way most people hadn’t bothered to help. One of those times, I was on the side of the roadfor close to three hours with my big Jeep. I put signs in the windows, big signs that said NEED A JACK(千斤顶), and offered money. Nothing. Right as I was about to give up, a Mexican familyin a small truckpulled over, and the father bounded out.He sized up the situation and called for hisdaughter, who spoke English. He conveyed through her that he had a jackbut that it was too small for the Jeep, so we would need something to support it. Then he got a saw(据子) from the truck and cut a section out of abig log on the side of the road. We rolled it over and put his jack on top, and we were in business.I started taking the wheel off, and then, if you can believe it, I broke histire iron. No worries: He handed it to his wife, and she was gone in a flash down the road to buy a new tire iron. She was back in 15minutes. We finished the job, and I was a very happyman.The two of us were dirt yand sweaty. His wife prepared a pot of water for us to wash our hands. I tried to put a $20 bill in the man’s hand, buthe wouldn’t take it, so instead I went up to the truck and gave it to hiswife as quietly as I could. I asked the little girl where they lived. Mexico, she said. They were in Oregon so Mommy and Daddy could work on a fruit farm for the next few weeks. Thentheywould gohome.二、从关键词得出以下信息 时间：this past year；one of the instance of car trouble；地点：on the side of the road人物：I；a Mexican family (the father；the wife；the daughter) (Theywere strangers)事件：①I was sick of the way most people were unwilling to give me a help when I had car trouble.②Once, my car broke down and I needed a Jack to change a new tire. The Mexican family did what they could to help me on their way home, such as, the daughter helped expressed in English what the father wanted to conveyed, the father cut a log out to support the small Jack, and the mother hurriedly ran to buy a new tire iron because I broke their previous one. ③I was happy and finally made it togave the money to the mother. 主题：根据以上整理出来的事件脉络，不难发现这篇文章在事件上主要体现这一家人对我的帮助（help），而在情感上已从sick of转变到happy，所以整个故事的主题应是这一家人对我的帮助（help）+改变对陌生人的看法和认识。三、“前”、“中”、“后”让事情“做”得更“圆满” 说明：“前”要衔接已给首句“中”描写过程“后”衔接第二段首句文本最想强调的情感点就在于想通过the Mexican family对我的help改变我对陌生人的看法和认识。所以在“写”的情节构思和推断上，绝不可以脱离故事的主题的，所以续写的两段必须紧扣这一主题。1. 确定第一段段落大意及情节推断根据两段已给首句的关键词（标红色）和主题（help）确定第一段的主要内容：When I was about to say goodbye, the girlasked if I’d had lunch.After they left, I got into my Jeep and openedthe paperbag.由两段的关键词和主题，我们可以得出第一段的主要内容应是他们邀请我“一起吃午饭”。这是一件需要“做”的事情，所以可以采用“前”、“中”、“后”推断情节先后的方法。2. 确定第二段段落大意及情节推断根据第二段的首句After they left, I got into my Jeep and opened the paper bag.和主题这一家人对我的帮助改变我对陌生人的看法和认识，以及结尾正能量的原则，可以确定第二段的主要内容应是写我对陌生人的看法和认识的改变，涉及到所看所感所想所做，回应前文。明线：I was sick of the way most people hadn’t bothered to help.暗线：预示结果会对人性的价值重构明线：put a 20 dallors bill暗线：无私乐助精神的反射明线：Mexico farm暗线：为之后可能相遇打伏笔明线：had lunch暗线：乐助和友善的信号明线：paper bag暗线：情节焦点（主题正增强）初稿：
When I was about to say goodbye, the girl asked if I’d had lunch. “Not yet, because I have been waiting here for three hours,” I said.She told me that they didn’t have it either and invited me together.Afterwards, the girl took out a large basket from the truck, which contained many kinds of fruit.With pride and joy, she explained that these were specialty from Mexico. So we sat on the roadside to share them,chatting like old friends we hadn’t seen for a long time.Throughout the conversation, they shared with me the pretty experience in Mexico and welcomed me to visit them at any time.When it was time to leave, the girl’s mother handed me a paper bag of fruit.With deepest gratitude, I saw them off.
After they left, I got into my jeep and opened the paper bag.Much to my surprise, I found the $20 bill I had stuffed into the girl’s mother.There existed a note, saying“We had got your great gratitude and helping you is the right thing to do.” Moved by their words, I suddenly felt that there were still kind-hearted people in the world willing to help me,although I encountered a lot of indifference.From then on, I made a decision to put a big jack on my big jeep, longing to help more like me who used to ask for help on the road to the best of my ability.
1、细读首句，构思框架 两段首句定一框 由所给的第一段首句与第二段首句确定第一框的主要内容；一框首句呼应所给的第一段首句，一框尾句呼应所给的第二段首句；二框二首正能量 二框的首句呼应所给的第二段首句，二框尾句由正能量的结尾来确定。Paragraph 1 的开头是“就在我要说再见的时候，女孩问我是否吃过午饭了。”可知，一框的写作主要内容是作者和墨西哥家庭一块儿吃午饭的过程。一框的首句应写对女孩问题的回答，回答之前的心里所想——想起来自己还没吃午饭；一框的尾句呼应所给的第二段的首句，应写我收到了墨西哥家庭给我的一个纸袋。Paragraph 2的开头“在他们离开后，我上了吉普车，打开纸袋。”可知，二框的写作主要内容是作者在纸袋里发现什么，以及自己对这一次经历的感悟。二框的首句应写我打开纸袋，发现了我给的钱；二框的尾句应以我想把这种互助的行为传递下去，呈现正能量。2、增加细节，开始写作 在已定框架范围内，依据情节推断故事中人物所见、所闻、所思、所说、所做等给每段增加5至8个具体细节，我们称之为叫“58细节添加法”。Paragraph 1When I was about to say goodbye, the girl asked if I'd had lunch.1.增加细节所思：意识没吃午饭 所说：没吃午饭所做：女孩邀请作者加入午饭，作者接过三明治以及纸袋所感：这是吃过最美味的三明治2.开始写作 1.听到他说的话，我意识到我没有吃午饭。（非谓语+what宾从，主+谓+that宾从）2. 老实说工作了几个小时后，我非常饿了。（after+doing,主+系+表） 3. 感觉到一点尴尬，我回复道，不。（feeling+adj,主+谓...）4. 女孩子带着微笑说，过来加入我们吧，墨西哥三明治很美味。（主+谓+with+n,"..."）5. 带着感动的泪水在眼睛里打转，我拿过了三明治。（with+n+doing,主+谓+...） 6. 像一只狼一样的吃了之后，我觉得这是我吃过最美味的三明治。（after+doing...,主+felt that表从...）7. 然后女孩的妈妈放了另一块三明治在一个纸袋中递给我，温柔地说，“拿着，等会再吃，现在我们得走了。”（主+谓1...+and+谓2...,非谓语+...）Paragraph 2After they left, I got into my Jeep and opened the paper bag.1. 增加细节所见：纸袋中有三明治，水果和我的钱 所感：无限感激所做：放千斤顶和一些常用的工具所想：要像墨西哥一家一样地帮助更多的人2.开始写作1.让我很惊讶的是，袋子里有一块三明治,水果和我给的钱。（what主从+was that there was +主1+主2+given...）2. 紧紧地握着纸袋，我定的站在那里，一股暖流涌上我的心头。（非谓语..., 主+谓+...,+独立主格：n+doing...）3. 我是多么的感激这个帮助我的家庭。（how+adj+主+系+...）4. 虽然我在路上遇到的大多数人是冷漠的，但是然而有一些像这个家庭成员一样的人们，他们是多么的乐于助人和体贴。(although+主+定从+系+表，there+be+主+...+定从) 5. 从那时起，我放一个千斤顶和一些常用的工具在我的小车里。（主+谓+宾+介词短语）6. 当在路上遇到需要的人们，我会像这个家人一样竭尽所能地帮助他们。（when+doing...,主+谓+宾+...）7.只有这样越来越多的人才会有互相帮助。(only in this way, 情态动词+主+动原+...)参考范文：
When I was about to say goodbye, the girl asked if I’d had lunch.Hearing what she said, I realized that I didn’t have lunch.To be honest, after working hard for several hours, I was so hungry. Feeling a bit embarrassed, I replied: “no!”The girl said with a smile, “Come on! Join us.The Mexicon sandwich is delicious!” With moved tears rolling around my eyes, I took the sandwich.After eating it like wolf, I felt that it was the tasty sandwich that I had ever had.While dining, I talked about my trouble and feelings and they shared their interesting stories in the life.Then, the girl’s mother had another sandwich and some fruit place din a paper bag and handed it to me,saying gently: “Keep it and have it later! We had to go now.”I showed my heartfelt gratitude to them and sawthem disappear in my sight.
After they left, I got into my jeep and opened the paper bag. What surprised me a lot was that there was a sandwich,fruit and the bill given by me.Holding the paper bag tightly, I stood still, a warm current rising in my heart.How grateful was I to the family helping me. Although most of people I met on the road were indifferent, there were still some people like this family who was so helpful and thoughtful.From then on, I placed a jack and some common tools in my car.When meeting people in need on the road ,I would try my best to help them like the family.Only in this way, could more and more people help each other in the future.
shrug one’s shoulder 耸肩膀（表否定回应）talk merrily 开心聊天to our heart’s content 尽情express my appreciation 表达谢意timely assistance 及时帮忙showed me hospitality 表达热情detailed address 详细信息filled with gratitude 充满感恩give sb a light hug 轻轻拥抱bid farewell to the family 道别at this point 此时此刻spot 发现serve as 担当constant reminder 时刻回忆owe to 亏欠eliminate 消除prejudice against 对……的偏见offer a helping hand 施予援手
一、通读全文，把握脉络 对于试卷所提供的文章，我们在通读的时候，需要将有助于理清文章脉络的词、短语或句子进行勾画。这是非常关键的一步，因为大部分所提供的材料都是记叙文。梳理勾画的目的一是要弄清谁（who）、在什么时间（when）、什么地点（where）、通过什么方式（how）、做了什么事（what），另外一个目的是在我们续写的时候可以适当呼应前文。以8省联考试题为例，首次阅读后我们可以大概归纳出以下几点：1、I was sick of the way most people hadn’t had bothered to help.2、I was on the side of the road for close to three hours with my big Jeep. Signs "need a Jack and offered money”3、A Mexican family in a small truck.4、They did everything to give me a hand5、I gave them 20 dollar quietly to his wife.二、分析续写所提供的两句话 分析的目的是看是否有新的线索出现，或者是否有与旧的线索呼应的部分。以8省联考试题为例：第一段 第一句：When I was about to say goodbye, the girl asked if I’d had lunch.第二段 第一句：After they left, I got into my Jeep and opened the paper bag.通过分析句子我们可以注意到：第一句给出了“是否吃午饭”的新情节，那么毫无疑问，第一段的展开应该是围绕午饭这个问题展开。第二句出现了“纸袋”的新线索，这是前面我们在理清文章脉络中所没有出现过的线索，而且出现的位置是二段首句，那么毫无疑问这个线索必须出现在我们所要续写的一段中，而且我们也需要考虑：这个纸袋是做什么用的呢？为什么我有了这个纸袋？谁给的？诸如此类的问题。三、已知推未知 所谓已知是指续写时所提供的每段的首句话。所谓未知就是指我们需要续写的内容。推论的方法如下：第一段 第一句 顺推 第二句 （根据所给的人物 要么展开语言、动作，要么描写心理、表情等等）第二段 第一句 逆推 第一段尾句，过渡句第二段 第一句 顺推 第二句（根据所给的人物 要么展开语言、动作，要么描写心理、表情等等）第二段 尾句 总结或感慨以8省联考试题为例第一段 第一句：When I was about to say goodbye, the girl asked if I’d had lunch.顺推 第二句：我说没吃。 （为什么是没吃呢？这就是二段一句中出现的“纸袋”所暗示的答案）第二段 第一句：After they left, I got into my Jeep and opened the paper bag.逆推 第一段尾句：他们一家上了车顺推 第二句：我看到袋子里有......第二段 尾句：世上还是有一些乐于助人的善良人的！！”（他们一家帮我修了车，还留了一个纸袋所引发的感慨“）四、完善关系链 所以，现在我们的任务就是将我们所推论出来的句子进行关系链的完善问题。这个过程可以是动作链的完善，也可以是心理历程的完善。以8省联考试题为例（第一段 第二句）我说没吃——他们给我张罗吃的——我拒绝他们——但是没成功，留下了纸袋——（第一段 尾句）他们一家上了车这样就构成了第一段一个较为完整的关系链的闭环。五、写句子 以上的各个步骤都是在让我们心里清楚地知道“我要写什么”这个问题，下面的关键一步是“我该怎么写”的问题。因为仅仅凭借上面的几个动作步骤是远远无法让我们完成字数要求的，所以写句子是重头戏，那么到底该如何将一个“骨感十足”的句子“丰满”起来呢？