Maybe curling is the most "quiet, relaxing and easy" event of the Olympic Winter Games. But that only seems. Just think how you can control the movement of a flying balloon without touching it.
It is played on an ice field called a sheet. The sheet is over 45 metres long and a maximum of five metres wide.
Usually there are four players on each team, but for some special team there are five, --- one is the substitute(替补队员). Each player has two stones. But for mixed-doubles and wheelchair evens, the teams are different.
After one player pushes the stone towards the end house, another 2 players mops the sheet with brushes to make the stone go in the wanted direction. They want their stone to reach the button of the end house, in the center of the circle.
Curling first originated in the 16th century in Scotland, which makes it one of the oldest team sports in the world. Paintings by Pieter Bruegel the Elder dating from about the same time are evidence that the game was also played in the Low Countries, but it was Scotland that promoted the game worldwide. Those early games were played on frozen ponds and lochs, using curling stones from the regions of Perth and Stirling.
In the 1600s, stones with handles were introduced, and in 1838 the Grand Caledonian Curling Club (renamed the Royal Caledonian Curling Club in 1843) drew up the first official rules of the sport.
The International Curling Federation was founded there in 1966.
Throughout the 20th century, key developments were made in the sport, including the standardisation of the stone, the development of the slide delivery, and the use of indoor, refrigerated ice facilities.
Men's curling was a part of the Winter Olympics in 1924, but was later dropped before being re-introduced as a demonstration sport in 1932 in Lake Placid. Curling remained a demonstration sport at the Games between 1936 and 1992, until it finally re-joined the Olympic programme at Nagano in 1998 with both men's and women's competitions. The mixed doubles competition was added to the programme at the 2018 PyeongChang Winter Olympics.
Canada is the most successful curling nation in Winter Olympic history with 11 medals, including six golds. Sweden is second in the table with eight medals. No athlete has won more than two medals competing in curling at the Games, which isn't suprising given that the sport has only featured at eight editions of the Winter Olympics.
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