1. 2021 1月（提纲类作文，致辞）
2. 2021 6月（提纲类作文，宣传稿）
3. 2020 1月（提纲类作文，邀请信，邮件）
4. 2020 7 月（提纲类作文，邀请信，邮件）
Learning that you’re leaving for the United States soon, I’m eagerly writing to express my heartfelt gratitude to you for your help.
Honestly speaking, it’s so nice of you to offer me a class of practical learning skills. Under your professional guidance, I have made such unbelievable progress in English. It’s indeed a pleasant surprise for me to even rank first in a recent English speech contest. Whenever I encounter difficulties, you always cheer me up and help me out, which fuels my enthusiasm for English and promotes me to regain tremendous confidence. No words are strong enough to convey how grateful I am.
Thanks again and wish you a pleasant journey home.
本文是应用文写作任务，要求写一封感谢信。1. 审题立意本篇书面表达属于应用文。要求考生写感谢信，人称使用第一人称和第二人称，时态用一般现在时。2.谋篇布局书信格式，称呼和落款文中已经给出。首段，写信的目的，中间段回顾Alex对你的帮助；最后一段表达祝愿。3. 关键词和句子根据写作要点及构思好的提纲我们可以初步确定文章可能使用到的词汇和句子有：leaving for the United States soon，express my heartfelt gratitude，unbelievable progress，cheer me up。通过词汇铺垫，我们就很容易地行文了，文章写完之后要检查文中是否存在拼写或语法错误。
本文开门见山，表达了写信的目的；之后详细介绍了Alex对自己的帮助，详略得当，内容完整，同时使用了高级词汇和高级句子。高级词汇：eagerly，heartfelt gratitude，Honestly speaking，professional guidance等；高级句式：Whenever I encounter difficulties, you always cheer me up and help me out, which fuels my enthusiasm for English and promotes me to regain tremendous confidence.使用了让步状语从句和定语从句。
2 .假定你是李华，你校来自爱尔兰的外教Peter因病回国休假。请给他写一封电子邮件，内容包括:1. 询问近况；2. 分享班级最新消息；3. 表达祝愿。注意:1. 词数80左右；2. 可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
I am sorry to hear that you have gone back home on sick leave. How are you feeling now?
I hope my good news for you will sweep away the shadow of disease. Last month, an English festival was held in our school, and our class performed a song which you taught us at the festival. As soon as we finished the song, all the audience gave us warm applause. If only you had been there.
We all miss you very much and wish you a quick and complete recovery.
第一步：审题体裁：应用文时态：根据提示，时态应为一般过去时和一般现在时。结构：三段式结构。第一段询问近况；第二段告知班级消息；第三段表达祝愿。要求：1.询问近况（How are you feeling now?）2.告知班级消息（my good news; performed a song which you taught us）3.表达祝愿（wish you a quick and complete recovery）
第二步:列提纲（重点词组）be sorry to do; on sick leave; sweep away; as soon as; give sb. warm applause; recovery
第三步：连词成句1. I am sorry to hear that you have gone back home on sick leave.2. I hope my good news for you will sweep away the shadow of disease.3. As soon as we finished the song, all the audience gave us warm applause.4. We all miss you very much and wish you a quick and complete recovery.根据提示及关键词（组）进行遣词造句，注意主谓一致和时态问题。连句成文，注意使用恰当的连词进行句子之间的衔接与过渡，书写一定要规范清晰。
1.作者在范文中使用了主从复合句，如：I am sorry to hear that you have gone back home on sick leave.( 听说你请病假回家了，我很难过。)这句话运用了that 引导宾语从句。Last month, an English festival was held in our school, and our class performed a song which you taught us at the festival.(上个月，我们学校举办了英语节，我们班在节上表演了一首您教我们的歌曲。)这句话运用了which引导限制性定语从句。As soon as we finished the song, all the audience gave us warm applause.(我们一唱完这首歌，所有的观众都给了我们热烈的掌声。)这句话中as soon as引导时间状语从句。2.使用了一些固定词组，如be sorry to do; on sick leave; sweep away; as soon as; give sb. warm applause等。全文中没有中国式英语的句式，显示了很高的驾驭英语的能力。另外，文章思路清晰、层次分明，上下句转换自然，为文章增色添彩。
Dear George,I'm writing to invite you to join us in the “Chinese speech contest for foreigners” to be held in our school. The activity is scheduled at 8:00 a.m. on January 20th in the lecture hall. The theme of the speech contest is “differences between eastern and western customs”, through which the foreign students are bound to gain a better understanding of Chinese splendid traditional culture and meanwhile strengthen their love of China.Immensely fascinated by its mysterious culture and age-old history, you can, undoubtedly give us a wonderful and impressive performance. You are expected to sign up for the contest at www. Chinesespeechcontestforforeigners.com. I'd appreciate it if you could accept our invitation.
这是一篇应用文写作。第1步：根据提示可知, 本篇为一封电子邮件；假定你是李华，你校将举办外国学生中文演讲比赛，请给你的英国朋友George写封邮件邀请他参加。内容包括:1.比赛时间；2.演讲话题；3.报名方式。第2步：根据写作要求, 确定关键词（组）：Chinese speech contest（中文演讲比赛）；be scheduled（安排）；be bound to（必然）；gain a better understanding of（更好地了解）等。第3步：根据提示及关键词（组）进行遣词造句, 注意主谓一致和时态问题。此处文章主要应用一般现在时。第4步：连句成文, 注意使用恰当的连词进行句子之间的衔接与过渡, 书写一定要规范清晰, 保持整洁美观的卷面是非常重要的。
范文内容完整, 语言规范, 语篇连贯, 词数适当。作者在范文中使用了较多高级表达方式, 如The theme of the speech contest is “differences between eastern and western customs”, through which the foreign students are bound to gain a better understanding of Chinese splendid traditional culture and meanwhile strengthen their love of China.运用了定语从句；I'd appreciate it if you could accept our invitation.运用了条件状语从句。全文中没有中国式英语的句式, 显示了很高的驾驭英语的能力。另外, 文章思路清晰、层次分明, 上下句转换自然, 为文章增色添彩。
4 .假定你是李华，乘坐FL753航班抵达伦教后发现钱包遗失。请给航空公司写一封邮件说明情况并寻求帮助。内容包括：1. 行程信息；2. 钱包特征；3. 联系方式。注意：1. 词数80左右；2. 可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Dear Sir/ Madam,I am writing to report the loss of my wallet. On 1st November, 2018 I flew business class on your flight 753 from China to London.I clearly remember it was with me immediately I boarded the plane. However, on arrival in London Heathrow Airport, I found it gone. I guess it must have slipped out of my pocket during the flight. It is a black leather one with around 200 dollars, my ID card, and 2 credit cards in it. Along with the items mentioned above, the wallet contains a family photo, my precious memory. As you can imagine, these matter a lot to me.Has anybody happened to find it? Please email me at [email protected]Thank you for your time and support.
第一步：根据提示可知，本文是一封求助信。李华乘坐FL753航班抵达伦教后发现钱包遗失，要求给航空公司写一封邮件说明情况并寻求帮助。内容包括：1.行程信息；2. 钱包特征；3. 联系方式。
第二步：根据写作要求确定关键词（组），如：I am writing to report the loss of my wallet. boarded the plane, on arrival…, I found it gone. it must have……Has anybody happened to find it? Thank you for your time and support.第三步：根据提示和关键词（组）进行遣词造句，注意主谓一致和时态问题。时态以一般现在时为主，一般过去时为辅。第四步：连句成文，注意使用恰当的连词进行句子之间的衔接和过渡，书写一定要规范清晰，保持整洁美观的卷面是非常重要的。
What’s worse, my cash, ID card, and 2 credit cards were in it. 更糟的是，里面有我的现金，身份证和两张信用卡。What’s worse意为“更糟糕的是”，连接并列两个坏的东西，且后面一个更严重。
【高分句型2】I’d appreciate it if you could help me to get it back. 如果你能帮我把它拿回来，我会很感激的。I’d appreciate it if…如果……我会很感激的。
One possible version:Dear Sir or Madam,My name is Li Hua. And I am writing to apply for being a volunteer of our school English association.I have a good command of English and have been to the USA twice. So I can communicate well with native speakers of English. What’s more, I am kind and friendly to other people. So I can easily get along with foreign students.I’m particularly interested in this job because I want to further improve my oral English capabilities and interpersonal communication skills.Hopefully I can receive your acceptance.
本篇书面表达属于应用文，要求写一封申请信。第一步：根据提示可知，学校英语协会招聘志愿者，接待来访的国外中学生。要求写封应聘信，内容包括：1. 口语能力：2. 相关经验；3. 应聘目的。第二步：根据写作要求确定关键词、短语和句子：I’m writing to apply for…，a good command of English，communicate with，get along with等。第三步：根据提示和关键词（组）进行遣词造句，本文时态应以现在时为主，人称为第一人称。第四步：连句成文，注意使用恰当的连词进行句子之间的衔接和过渡，书写一定要规范清晰，保持整洁美观的卷面是非常重要的。
6 .假定你是李华，得知外教Mr. Hall今年寒假不回国，想邀请他到你家过春节。请给他写一封信，内容包括：1.时间2.一同过节的家人3.活动注意：1. 词数100左右；2. 可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Dear Mr. Hall,I’m writing to invite you to come to my home to celebrate the Spring Festival on January 19. It’s traditionally a time for family reunion, so my parents and my brother will all be there. We’ll make dumplings together and have a big dinner. We’ll also play card games and watch the Spring Festival Gala on TV. You may even get a gift from my parents. If you’re able to come, I’ll go and pick you up at your place.
第一步：审题体裁：应用文时态：根据提示，时态主要为一般现在时。结构：总分法总分法指把主题句作为总说，把支持句作为分说，并以这种方式安排所写内容。要求：1. 介绍同学们的听说训练情况；2. 希望提供更有效的学习方法;3. 询问对方的意向。
第二步:列提纲celebrate the Spring Festival， have a big dinner，make dumplings，able to come，pick up
第三步：连词成句1. I’m writing to invite you to come to my home to celebrate the Spring Festival on January19.2. We’ll make dumplings together and have a big dinner.3. We’ll also play card games and watch the Spring Festival Gala onTV.4. If you’re able to come, I’ll go and pick you up at your place.根据提示及关键词（组）进行遣词造句，注意主谓一致和时态问题。第四步：连句成篇（衔接词）1.表文章结构顺序：First of all, Firstly/First, Secondly/Second… And then, Finally, In the end, At last（供参考）表因果关系：so连句成文，注意使用恰当的连词进行句之间的衔接与过渡，书写一定要规范清晰，
I’m writing to invite you to come to my home to celebrate the Spring Festival on January 19. 本句是典型的书信开头句，表达写信的目的。[高分句型2]It’s traditionally a time for family reunion, so my parents and my brother will all be there.本句是so连接的并列句。[高分句型3]If you’re able to come, I’ll go and pick you up at your place.if在本句引导条件状语从句。
How are you doing? I am writing to invite you to a tour to the Green Hill this Saturday. As planned, we will leave by bus at 7:00 am at the school gate. About two hours will be spent climbing the mountain. After that we will have a picnic by the lake at the foot of the mountain.
Up till now, 3 boys and 4 girls have joined the team. I do hope that you could join us because Green Hill is such a fun place to relax and surely we will have a great time. However, if you don’t have spare time for this trip, it is fine. It’s just up to you.
Looking forward to hearing from you.
本应用文贴近学生实际生活，虽然是命题作文，但还是保持一定的开放程度，形式是邮件，符合当今人们常见的信息交流方式。根据提示要求，本文要涵盖以下三点内容，1. 参加者；2. 时间、地点；3. 活动：登山、野餐等。考生需要认真谋篇，紧扣提示，准确全面地表达所要求的内容，在合适的地方拓展细节，使行文连贯。作为邀请信，要求语言得体，邀请的语气诚恳，有礼貌。时态可以用一般现在时和一般将来时。人称以第一人称为主，第二人称为辅。
【高分句型1】I’m very honored to invite you to join us touring to the Green Hill this Saturday. 我非常荣幸邀请您加入这周六我们到绿山的旅行。I’m very honored to...非常荣幸做某事
【高分句型2】I hope you can take my advice into consideration. 我希望你能考虑一下我的建议。运用宾语从句，take…into consideration顾及；考虑到……
8 .假定你是李华，下周有新西兰学生访问你校，你将作为学生代表致欢迎辞。请为此写一篇发言稿，内容包括：1. 表示欢迎；2. 介绍活动安排；3. 表达祝愿。注意：1. 词数80左右；2. 可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。
Distinguished guests:On behalf of our school, I would like to convey my sincere welcome for your visiting.At first, it is of significance to fully understand the school. As scheduled, all of you will visit the museum, which contains the splendid history of our school. Furthermore, our classes are worthy of being attended, because you can appreciate the differences between Chinese and western teaching methods. After that, it is at canteen that you can have a special lunch with our students.As mentioned above, I extremely expect your coming. May you have an unforgettable experience.
第二步:列提纲（重点词组）on behalf of; would like to; convey; sincere welcome; be of significance; splendid; be worthy of; appreciate; teaching methods; canteen; extremely expect; unforgettable
第三步：连词成句1. On behalf of our school, I would like to convey my sincere welcome for your visiting.2. At first, it is of significance to fully understand the school.3. As scheduled, all of you will visit the museum, which contains the splendid history of our school.4. Furthermore, our classes are worthy of being attended, because you can appreciate the differences between Chinese and western teaching methods.5. After that, it is at canteen that you can have a special lunch with our students.6. As mentioned above, I extremely expect your coming. 7. May you have an unforgettable experience.根据提示及关键词（组）进行遣词造句，注意主谓一致和时态问题。
[高分句型1] As scheduled, all of you will visit the museum, which contains the splendid history of our school. (运用了which引导的非限制性定语从句)[高分句型2] After that, it is at canteen that you can have a special lunch with our students. (运用了强调句型)
9 .昨天你参观了学校举办的学生国画作品展。请给校英文报写一篇宣传，内容包括：1. 展览时间、地点；2. 观展感受；3. 推荐观展。注意：1. 词数80左右；2. 可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。
ln order to enrich students’ after-school life ,an exhibition of students' traditional Chinese paintings is being held by our school , which sparks a growing love for traditional art .The exhibition is held on the first floor of the school litrary.Most of the students think highly of this exhibition，which provides a platform for them to explore the beauty of China and experience the charm of Chinese art.Through the exhibition, not only can you admire wonderful pictures, but also enable you understand the art of traditional Chinese painting better. The exhibition will last for two weeks,every student is welcome to visit.
【解析】本篇书面表达属于应用文，要求写一篇关于学校举办的学生国画作品展的宣传稿。1. 词汇积累绘画：drawing→ painting激发：spirit→spark欣赏：appreciate→admire欢迎：greet→welcome2.句式拓展简单句变复合句原句：The exhibition will last for two weeks,every student is welcome to visit.合并句：The exhibition will last for two weeks,during which every student is welcome to visit.
【高分句型1】an exhibition of students' traditional Chinese paintings is being held by our school , which sparks a growing love for traditional art .本句是which引导的非限制性定语从句。
【高分句型2】Most of the students think highly of this exhibition，which provides a platform for them to explore the beauty of China and experience the charm of Chinese art.本句是which引导的非限制性定语从句。
【高分句型 3】Through the exhibition, not only can you admire wonderful pictures,but also enable you understand the art of traditional Chinese painting better. not only...but also连接的并列句。
1. 2021 1月（读后续写）
2. 2021 6月（读后续写）
1. 2020 1月（读后续写）
2. 2020 7月（读后续写）
“I'm going to miss you so much, Poppy, "said the tall, thin teenager. He bent down to hug his old friend goodbye. He stood up, hugged his parents, and smiled, trying not to let his emotions(情绪)get the better of him.
His parents were not quite able to keep theirs under control. They had driven their son several hours out of town to the university where he would soon be living and studying. It was time to say goodbye for now at least. The family hugged and smiled through misty eyes and then laughed.
The boy lifted the last bag onto his shoulder, and flashed a bright smile.” I guess this is it, “he said.” I'll see you back home in a month, okay？"His parents nodded, and they watched as he walked out of sight into the crowds of hundreds of students and parents. The boy's mother turned to the dog, “Okay, Poppy, time to go back home.”
The house seemed quiet as a tomb without the boy living there. All that week, Poppy didn't seem interested in her dinner, her favorite toy, or even in her daily walk. Her owners were sad too, but they knew their son would be back to visit. Poppy didn't.
They offered the dog some of her favorite peanut butter treats. They even let her sit on the sofa, but the old girl just wasn't her usual cheerful self. Her owners started to get worried. "What should we do to cheer Poppy up？"asked Dad. “We've tried everything.”
“I have an idea, but it might be a little crazy, “smiled Mom.” Without anybody left in the house but us, this place could use a bit of fun. Let's get a little dog for Poppy."
It didn't take long before they walked through the front door carrying a big box. Poppy welcomed them home as usual, but when she saw the box, she stopped. She put her nose on it. Her tail began wagging(摆动)ever so slowly, then faster as she caught the smell.
注意:1. 所续写短文的词数应为150左右；2. 至少使用5个短文中标有下划线的关键词语；3. 续写部分分为两段，每段的开头语已为你写好；4. 续写完成后，请用下划线标出你所使用的关键词语。
Para 1. Dad opened the box and a sweet little dog appeared.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Para 2. A few weeks later, the boy arrived home from university.________________________________________________________________
【答案】Para 1.Dad put the box on the ground and opened the top. A shiny little wet nose popped up. Then two fluffy paws. Next the box tipped over sideways, and out tumbled a mass of wiggly golden silliness. Poppy was amazed. She wagged furiously. She barked with joy. She smiled, her tongue lolling out as she investigated the surprise. The little pup was not shy and immediately starting yipping and jumping around the older dog. “That didn’t take long,” remarked Mom, as both dogs went roaring around the house in an impromptu game of chase. Dad laughed. Para 2.A few weeks later, the boy arrived home from university. He had missed Poppy and was looking forward to seeing her. When he bent down to give her a big hug, he fell over in surprise as a small golden cloud came racing up to lick his face too. “Oh my gosh, who is this?” he exclaimed. His parents laughed at the look of shock on his face. “That’s Pee-wee,” said Dad. “I can’t believe you got yourselves a puppy!” “We didn’t,” replied Mom. “This puppy is for Poppy!”
【点睛】本文描写详略得当，使用了高级词汇和高级句子。如：a mass of，with joy，look forward to等高级词汇；非谓语动词的运用The little pup was not shy and immediately starting yipping and jumping around the older dog.；时间状语从句When he bent down to give her a big hug, he fell over in surprise as a small golden cloud came racing up to lick his face too.等高级句式。
One fall, my wife Elli and I had a single goal: to photograph polar bears. We were staying at a research camp outside “the polar bear capital of the world”-the town of Churchill in Manitoba, Canada.
Taking pictures of polar bears is amazing but also dangerous. Polar bears-like all wild animals should be photographed from a safe distance. When I'm face to face with a polar bear, I like it to be through a camera with a telephoto lens. But sometimes，that is easier said than done. This was one of those times.
As Elli and I cooked dinner, a young male polar bear who was playing in a nearby lake sniffed, and smelled our garlic bread.
The hungry bear followed his nose to our camp, which was surrounded by a high wire fence. He pulled and bit the wire. He stood on his back legs and pushed at the wooden fence posts.
Terrified, Elli and I tried all the bear defense actions we knew. We yelled at the bear, hit pots hard，and fired blank shotgun shells into the air. Sometimes loud noises like these will scare bears off. Not this polar bear though-he just kept trying to tear down the fence with his massive paws(爪子).
I radioed the camp manager for help. He told me a helicopter was on its way, but it would be 30 minutes before it arrived. Making the best of this close encounter(相遇), I took some pictures of the bear.
Elli and I feared the fence wouldn’t last through 30 more minutes of the bear's punishment. The camp manager suggested I use pepper spray. The spray burns the bears’ eyes, but doesn't hurt them. So I approached our uninvited guest slowly and，through the fence, sprayed him in the face. With an angry roar(吼叫), the bear ran to the lake to wash his eyes.
注意:1. 所续写短文的词数应为150左右；2. 至少使用5个短文中标有下划线的关键词语；3. 续写部分分为两段，每段的开头语已为你写好；4. 续写完成后，请用下划线标出你所使用的关键词语。Paragraph1:A few minutes later, the bear headed back to our camp._______________________________________________________
Paragraph2:At that very moment, the helicopter arrived.________________________________________________________
【答案】A few minutes later, the bear headed back to our camp, then we realized the spray had only angered him even more, for he seemed much fiercer this time and violently pushed the fence like mad. My heart raced wildly, not knowing what to do. At this critical moment, Elli grabbed several pieces of garlic bread and threw them over the fence. It worked! The bear stopped the attack and ran to the bread. But it wasn’t long before he eat up all the bread and came back again.
At that very moment, the helicopter arrived. “Thank goodness we are saved!” Elli cried out. Once the helicopter landed, we got onto it in no time, excited and relieved. When we were safe on the helicopter up in the air, I was amazed to the spot that the bear had finally tore down the fence and ran towards the food we left behind. I quickly took out the camera and photographed the rare scene- we were robbed by a polar bear.
1.段落续写：由第一段首句内容“几分钟后，熊返回了我们的营地。”可知，第一段可描写作者夫妻二人如何再次对付熊及两人在此过程中的紧张害怕。由第二段首句内容“就在那时，直升机赶到了。”可知，第二段可描写作者夫妻二人获救时的心情。2.续写线索：熊返回营地——紧张害怕——用面包攻击——直升机赶到——快速登上飞机——熊把篱笆推到——拍下熊“打劫”的画面3.词汇激活行为类①激怒：anger/provoke / enrage②抓起：grab/snatch up③拿出：take out/fetch out情绪类①疯狂的：mad/crazy②兴奋的：excited/thrilled
【点睛】[高分句型1] then we realized the spray had only angered him even more, for he seemed much fiercer this time and violently pushed the fence like mad. My heart raced wildly.（for引导的原因状语从句）[高分句型2] My heart raced wildly, not knowing what to do. （现在分词作状语）[高分句型3] Once the helicopter landed, we got onto it in no time, excited and relieved. (once引导时间状语从句和形容词作状语)
It was summer, and my dad wanted to treat me to a vacation like never before. He decided to take me on a trip to the Wild West.
We took a plane to Albuquerque, a big city in the state of New Mexico. We reached Albuquerque in the late afternoon. Uncle Paul, my dad’s friend, picked us up from the airport and drove us up to his farm in Pecos.
His wife Tina cooked us a delicious dinner and we got to know his sons Ryan and Kyle. My dad and I spent the night in the guestroom of the farm house listening to the frogs and water rolling down the river nearby. Very early in the morning, Uncle Paul woke us up to have breakfast. "The day starts at dawn on my farm," he said. After breakfast, I went to help Aunt Tina feed the chickens, while my dad went with Uncle Paul to take the sheep out to graze(吃草). I was impressed to see my dad and Uncle Paul riding horses. They looked really cool.
In the afternoon, I asked Uncle Paul if I could take a horse ride, and he said yes, as long as my dad went with me. I wasn’t going to take a horse ride by myself anyway. So, my dad and I put on our new cowboy hats, got on our horses, and headed slowly towards the mountains. "Don’t be late for supper," Uncle Paul cried, "and keep to the track so that you don’t get lost!" "OK! " my dad cried back. After a while Uncle Paul and his farm house were out of sight. It was so peaceful and quiet and the colors of the brown rocks, the deep green pine trees, and the late afternoon sun mixed to create a magic scene. It looked like a beautiful woven(编织的) blanket spread out upon the ground just for us.
Suddenly a little rabbit jumped out in front of my horse.
Paragraph 1: Suddenly a little rabbit jumped out in front of my horse. ____________
Paragraph 2: We had no idea where we were and it was getting dark. _____________
【答案】One possible version:Suddenly a little rabbit jumped out in front of my horse. My horse turned to the left to avoid the little rabbit as I held on tightly and tried not to fall. Then my dad turned around and shouted, “Hold on!” All of a sudden the horse began to run. My dad tried to keep up behind us. For a few minutes my horse slowed down to a trot and then stopped beside a river. I looked around and realized that we were way off the track.We had no idea where we were and it got dark. Luckily the stars came out and gave us a little light when we were looking for the way to the farm house. After what must have been several hours, we suddenly heard the sound of sheep in the distance. My dad and I both rode our horses towards the sound of the sheep. As we got closer we saw Uncle Paul with a flashlight waving us over. What a night!
根据第一段所给首句Suddenly a little rabbit jumped out in front of my horse.这一句是故事发展的转折点，可从rabbit出现后带来的反应扩展开，可以写马的反应，也可以写人的反应，但要注意与第二段首句相呼应。
第二段首句是We had no idea where we were and it was getting dark.这一句呼应前文Uncle Paul的叮嘱——不要误吃晚饭，可从如何寻路返回农场去写。
13 .第二节 读后续写
On a bright, warm July afternoon, Mac Hollan, a primary school teacher, was cycling from his home to Alaska with his friends. One of his friends had stopped to make a bicycle repair, but they had encouraged Mac to carry on, and they would catch up with him soon. As Mac pedaled (骑行) along alone, he thought fondly of his wife and two young daughters at home. He hoped to show them this beautiful place someday.
Then Mac heard quick and loud breathing behind him. “Man, that's a big dog!” he thought. But when he looked to the side, he saw instantly that it wasn’t a dog at all, but a wolf, quickly catching up with him.
Mac’s heart jumped. He found out his can of hear spray. With one hand on the bars, he fired the spray at the wolf. A bright red cloud enveloped the animal, and to Mac's relief, it fell back, shaking its head. But a minute later, it was by his side again. Then it attacked the back of Mac's bike, tearing open his tent bag. He fired at the wolf a second time, and again, it fell back only to quickly restart the chase（追赶）。
Mac was pedaling hard now. He waved and yelled at passing cars but was careful not to show down. He saw a steep uphill climb before him. He knew that zxxk once he hit the hill, he’d be easy caught up and the wolf’s teeth would be tearing into his flesh.
At this moment, Paul and Beeky were driving their car on their way to Alaska. They didn’t think much of it when they saw two cyclists repairing their bike on the side of the road. A bit later, they spotted what they, too, assumed was a dog running alongside a man on a bike. As they got closer, they realized that the dog was a wolf. Mac heard a large vehicle behind him. He pulled in front of it as the wolf was catching up fast, just a dozen yards away now.注意：1. 所续写短文的词数应为150左右；2. 应使用5个以上短文中标有下划线的关键词语；3. 续写部分分为两段，每段开头语已为你写好；4. 续写完成后，请用下划线标出你所使用的关键词语。
【答案】Thecarabruptlystoppedinfrontofhim. Paul and Becky got out of the car immediately to give the help. With nothing in the hand, they didn't dare to fight against the wolf. However, they still approached to the wolf bravely. At the same time, the wolf also noticed them and turned its head back, howling angrily towards Paul and Becky. Mac then jumped off the bicycle and was ready to fight against the wolf. Then came the deadlock.Afewminuteslater, theothertwocyclistsarrived. They found the dangerous situation, where three men circled the wolf. Mac's friends also jumped off their bicycles and joined the fight with the wolf. More and more cars stopped. Some drivers took out the sticks from the cars, and some took out the knives, even the guns towards the wolf. In the meanwhile, the wolf might feel the people's threats around, so it began to step back slowly. Soon, it ran away off the road and disappeared in the distance.
第1步：根据提示可知，本文要求写一篇读后续写：本文主要讲述了Mac在骑自行车前往阿拉斯加的途中，被一只狼追赶的故事，第一段要求续写车上下来两个人帮助Mac，但他们势单力薄，并没能赶走狼，双方陷入僵局；第二段要求续写越来越多的人加入到救援之中，众人合力将狼赶走。时态以一般过去时为主，人称以第三人称为主。同时要兼顾字数的要求，不要过多，关键词列出5个以上，需要均匀分布在两段中。考生要注意几个关键信息和情节变化并结合给出的内容提示进行合理构思。第2步：根据写作要求，确定关键词（组），如； immediately（立即），dangerous（危险的），howl （嚎叫），threat（威胁），join（加入）， bravely（勇敢地）及deadlock（僵局）等。第3步：根据提示及关键词（组）进行遣词造句，注意主谓一致和时态问题。第4步：连句成文，注意使用恰当的连词进行句子之间的衔接与过渡，书写一定要规范清晰，保持卷面的整洁美观。
【点睛】范文语言地道，语篇连贯，词数适当。作者在范文中使用了较多高级词汇和句式，高级词汇有fight against（对抗），run away（跑掉），get out of (从……中出来)，be ready to do（准备好做某事），dare to do（敢做某事）以及approach to（靠近），而且还使用了非限定性定语从句“They found the dangerous situation, where three men circled the wolf.”，倒装句“Then came the deadlock.”，非谓语动词“At the same time, the wolf also noticed them and turned its head back, howling angrily towards Paul and Becky.”，全文没有语法错误，上下句转换自然流畅。
14 . 阅读下面短文，根据所给情节进行续写，使之构成一个完整的故事。
A Vacation with My Mother
I had an interesting childhood. It was filled with surprises and amusements, all because of my mother---loving, sweet, yet absent-minded and forgetful. One strange family trip we took when I was eleven tells a lot about her.
My two sets of grandparents lived in Colorado and North Dakota, and my parents decided to spend a few weeks driving to those states and seeing all the sights along the way. As the first day of our trip approached, David, my eight-year-old brother, and I unwillingly said good-bye to all of our friends. Who knew if we’d ever see them again? Finally, the moment of our departure arrived, and we loaded suitcases, books, games, camping equipment, and a tent into the car and bravely drove off. We bravely drove off again two hours later after we’d returned home to get the purse and traveler’s checks Mom had forgotten.
David and I were always a little nervous when using gas station bathrooms if Mom was driving while Dad slept: “You stand outside the door and play lookout(放哨) while I go, and I’ll stand outside the door and play lookout while you go.” I had terrible pictures in my mind: “Honey, where are the kids?” “What?! Oh, Gosh…I thought they were being awfully quiet.” We were never actually left behind in a strange city, but we weren’t about to take any chances.
On the fourth or fifth night, we had trouble finding a hotel with a vacancy. After driving in vain for some time, Mom suddenly got a great idea: Why didn’t we find a house with a likely-looking backyard and ask if we could set up tent there? David and I became nervous. To our great relief, Dad turned down the idea. Mom never could understand our objections(反对). If a strange family showed up on her front doorstep, Mom would have been delighted. She thinks everyone in the world is as nice as she is. We finally found a vacancy in the next town.
Paragraph 1:The next day we remembered the brand-new tent we had brought with us. ______________
Paragraph 2:We drove through several states and saw lots of great sights along the way. ______________
【答案】The next day we remembered the brand-new tent we had brought with us. Thinking of this tent, Mom suggested that we go camping in the next village in excitement, with her eyes glittering. Considering her enthusiasm, we all agreed. When the door of our car opened, Mom stormed out instantly and urged us to put up the tent. David and I were asked to pick up some branches to build a fire. And when we came back, Dad and Mom had already lain down the grass comfortably in front of the tent, talking merrily with a local boy at our age, who kept glancing at this tent curiously. Soon we learnt that the boy in rags even didn’t have a home to live in. Of course, Mom “forgot” to take this tent with us again.We drove through several states and saw lots of great sights along the way. And we also had a nice time living with my grandparents during that trip. But what impressed me most was that tent, which was forgotten deliberately by Mom. Though she did love going camping, she presented that poor boy with this tent out of sympathy. It was Mom that made my childhood colorful. And it was also she that showed me the true meaning of giving.
【点睛】文章思路清晰，语言规范，段落整齐，语篇连贯，层次清晰。使用了较为高级的句式: 虚 拟 语 气 和 with 复 合 结 构 Mom suggested that we go camping in the next village in excitement, with her eyes glittering. Considering her enthusiasm, we all agreed. what引导的主语从句和which引导的非限制性定语从句But what impressed me most was that tent, which was forgotten deliberately by Mom.高级句式的应用提升了写作的档次，整个短文显示出了作者高水平的英语表达能力。
Pumpkin (南瓜) carving at Halloween is a family tradition. We visit a local farm every October. In the pumpkin field, I compete with my three brothers and sister to seek out the biggest pumpkin. My dad has a rule that we have to carry our pumpkins back home, and as the eldest child I have an advantage-I carried an 85-pounder back last year.
This year, it was hard to tell whether my prize or the one chosen by my 14-year-old brother, Jason, was the winner. Unfortunately we forgot to weigh them before taking out their insides, but I was determined to prove my point. All of us were hard at work at the kitchen table, with my mom filming the annual event. I’m unsure now why I thought forcing my head inside the pumpkin would settle the matter, but it seemed to make perfect sense at the time.
With the pumpkin resting on the table, hole uppermost, I bent over and pressed my head against the opening. At first I got jammed just above my eyes and then, as I went on with my task, unwilling to quit, my nose briefly prevented entry. Finally I managed to put my whole head into it, like a cork (软木塞) forced into a bottle. I was able to straighten up with the huge pumpkin resting on my shoulders.
My excitement was short-lived. The pumpkin was heavy. “I’m going to set it down, now,” I said,and with Jason helping to support its weight，I bent back over the table to give it somewhere to rest. It was only when I tried to remove my head that I realized getting out was going to be less straightforward than getting in. When I pulled hard, my nose got in the way. I got into a panic as I pressed firmly against the table and moved my head around trying to find the right angle, but it was no use. “I can’t get it out!” I shouted, my voice sounding unnaturally loud in the enclosed space.
注意：1. 所续写短文的词数应为150左右；2. 至少使用5个短文中标有下划线的关键词语；3. 续写部分分为两段，每段的开头语已为你写好；4. 续写完成后，请用下划线标出你所使用的关键词语。Paragraph 1
It was five or six minutes though it felt much longer.
The video was posted the Monday before Halloween.
It was five or six minutes though it felt much longer. Dad was summoned – less, it seemed, in expectation of practical help than to make sure he didn’t miss out on the spectacle. I heard him propose calling the fire department. “Stay tuned,” said Mom; she’d mentioned she was going to upload the video to Facebook, but it was only then I realized she’d been filming the whole time. The video cuts before my rescue —Dad got me to push my head farther into the pumpkin so Mom could reach in and undo the rubber band round my ponytail. I emerged with squash-conditioned hair, a sore chin and my nose plugged with pulp.
The video was posted the Monday before Halloween. By the end of that day, it had over 1,000 views. People asked Mom to put it on YouTube, and by Wednesday morning we were getting 5:00 am calls from TV breakfast shows and then the international media – the video started racking up hundreds of thousands of views. When I went on a youth camp, I was recognized by children I’d never met. The pumpkin also became a minor celebrity. Passersby and trick-or-treaters would knock and ask, “Which is Rachel’s pumpkin?” before taking selfies with it.
1.段落续写：①由第一段首句内容“虽然时间只过去了五、六分钟，但还是感觉要长得多。”可知，第一段可描写作者是如何在爸爸的帮助下得救的。②由第二段首句内容“这段视频是在万圣节前的周一发布的。”可知，第二段可描写作者头被卡在南瓜里这段视频在网上的走红情况，以及视频走红对作者家和作者的影响。2.续写线索：爸爸被喊来帮忙——妈妈拍下了全过程——作者得救——视频被上传——视频走红——视频对作者家和作者的影响3.词汇激活行为类确保：make sure / guarantee打算做某事：be going to do sth./ intend to do sth.出来：emerge / come out情绪类实际：practical / useful出名：become a minor celebrity / be famous
【点睛】[高分句型1] When I went on a youth camp, I was recognized by children I’d never met. (运用了when引导时间状语从句) [高分句型2]Passersby and trick-or-treaters would knock and ask, “Which is Rachel’s pumpkin?” before taking selfies with it. (运用了动名词作宾语)
My dad, George, only had an eighth grade education. A quiet man, he didn't understand my world of school activities. From age 14, he worked. And his dad, Albert, took the money my dad earned and used it to pay family expenses.
I didn't really understand his world either: He was a livestock trucker, and I thought that I would surpass (超过) anything he had accomplished by the time I walked across the stage at high school graduation.
Summers in the mid-70s were spent at home shooting baskets, hitting a baseball, or throwing a football, preparing for my future as a quarterback on a football team. In poor weather, I read about sports or practiced my trombone (长号).
The summer before my eighth grade I was one of a group of boys that a neighboring farmer hired to work in his field. He explained our basic task, the tractor fired up and we were off, riding down the field looking for weeds to spray with chemicals. After a short way, the farmer stopped and pointed at a weed which we missed. Then we began again. This happened over and over, but we soon learned to identify different grasses like cockleburs, lamb's-quarters, foxtails, and the king of weeds, the pretty purple thistle. It was tiring work, but I looked forward to the pay, even though I wasn't sure how much it would amount to.
At home, my dad said, "A job's a big step to growing up. I'm glad you will be contributing to the household." My dad's words made me realize that my earnings might not be mine to do with as I wished.
My labors lasted about two weeks, and the farmer said there might be more work, but I wasn't interested. I decided it was not fair that I had to contribute my money.
注意：1.所续写短文的词数应为150左右；2.至少使用5个短文中标有下划线的关键词语；3.续写部分分为两段，每段的开头语已为你写好；4.续写完成后，请用下划线标出你所使用的关键词语。Paragraph 1：The pay arrived at last.Paragraph 2：I understood immediately what my parents were worried about.
【答案】The pay arrived at last. Although the job was very tiring, I was very happy in my heart for I got something from my work. The toil of labor was forgotten for the time being. I thought I should have my own money and planned how to spend it. “How much money have you earned?” Dad asked. I was surprised, reluctant to say my income. The next morning, my dad’s livestock truck started running. I saw my father’s hard-working figure and thought of his words “A job’s a big step to growing up”.
I understood immediately what my parents were worried about. They were worried that I was too selfish to give. I realized that my labor was very hard, but my growth and our whole family had been depending on the hard work of my parents! Dad never complained about unfairness! He even seemed to think that was fair. I thought, “I’ve only worked for two weeks, but how many years my father has worked!” In the evening, Dad came back. I proudly took out my own money and handed it to Dad.
1.段落续写：①由第一段首句内容“工资终于到了。”可知，第一段可描写作者的工资到手后，高兴地计划自己用这笔钱，不愿意交给父亲，然后看到父亲的辛劳。②由第二段首句内容“我立刻明白了父母的担心。”可知，第二段可描写作者明白了父母担心自己不懂得奉献，想通了，然后自豪地把钱交给了父亲。2. 续写线索：高兴——计划——不情愿——发现——奉献——自豪3.词汇激活行为类①计划：programme/plan②.奉献：give/devote③发现：see/find情绪类①.不情愿的：unwilling/reluctant②.自豪地：proudly/with pride
【点睛】[高分句型1]. I thought I should have my own money and planned how to spend it. (运用了疑问词加动词不定式作宾语)[高分句型2]. I realized that my labor was very hard, but my growth and our whole family had (that引导的宾语从句以及过去完成进行时)
17 .阅读下面短文，根据其内容写一篇60词左右的内容概要。It’s a really good idea to visit colleges before you apply because their websites can all start to look and sound the same. Nothing will give you the sense of what it will actually be like to live on a college campus(校园) like visiting and seeing for yourself the dorms, classrooms and athletic equipment and, of course, the students. It seems a little crazy once senior year hits to find the time to visit college campuses, and it can also be pricey if the schools you are applying to happen to be more than a car ride away. But keep in mind that you are making a decision about the next four years of your life, and do all the research you can to make sure you are making the right one.There’s no excuse not to visit the schools in your local area. In fact, a lot of college applications even ask if you have visited campus, and obviously, if you live across the country that won’t be as much of a possibility, but if you live nearby, go check it out!If campus visits aren’t going to happen before you apply, at the very least you should find some time between applying and getting your acceptance letters to visit the schools you’d like to attend. It can save you a lot of heartache if you rule out now the things that you don’t like about certain campuses, things that you wouldn’t know unless you actually visit.Now, if time and money are making it impossible, then check out the online college fairs at CollegeWeekLive. It’s a chance to chat online with admissions officers, students, and college counselors (顾问), and it won’t cost you a penny! You can register for its online college fair at collegeweeklive.com. While visiting an online college fair can’t take the place of an actual campus visit, it can be a very useful tool that along with all your other research will help you make an informed decision about which colleges or universities you’d like to attend.__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
【答案】It’s really worthwhile to pay a visit to their desired colleges personally before applying. Undoubtedly, students should visit their local colleges, which may be included in applications. At least, they should visit the school and figure out its real conditions in advance. For students who are short of money and time, registering for the online college fair is a good alternative to help them better understand schools.
1. 要先读懂、读透原作。这是准确再现原文、写好概要的前提。动笔前多读两遍原文，直至弄懂读透。2. 抓住文中的关键句，确定写作主题。开头It's a really good idea to visit colleges before you apply点明了本文主题；But keep in mind that you are making a decision about the next four years of your life, and do all the research you can to make sure you are making the right one. There’s no excuse not to visit the schools in your local area.说明了去大学看看的必要性和可行性；If campus visits aren’t going to happen before you apply, at the very least you should find some time between applying and getting your acceptance letters to visit the schools you’d like to attend.在时间上提供了更多选择；if time and money are making it impossible, then check out the online college fairs at CollegeWeekLive.为不能亲自去大学看的学生提供了另外一种方法。3.拟好提纲。有了提纲，写概要时就会有章法，也不会遗漏原作中的要点。4.快速成文，反复推敲。按照文章要求和拟好的提纲一气呵成，写完初稿。5.对照修改润色，再读原文，查看是否漏掉了重要信息或主要内容。用词是否恰当，可有可无的删掉。注意词类、时态、语态的适当调整。
【点睛】范文观点明确，重点突出，语言简练，词数适当。作者在范文中使用了较多高级表达方式，如定语从句which may be included in applications.和who are short of money and time.动名词registering online作主语，显示了很高的驾驭英语的能力。
Parents everywhere praise their kids. Jenn Berman, author of The A to Z Guide to Raising Happy and Confident Kids, says, “We’ve gone to the opposite extreme of a few decades ago when parents tended to be more strict.” By giving kids a lot of praise, parents think they’re building their children’s confidence, when, in fact, it may be just the opposite. Too much praise can backfire and, when given in a way that’s insincere, make kids afraid to try new things or take a risk for fear of not being able to stay on top where their parents’ praise has put them.
Still, don’t go too far in the other direction. Not giving enough praise can be just as damaging as giving too much. Kids will feel like they’re not good enough or that you don’t care and, as a result, may see no point in trying hard for their accomplishments.
So what is the right amount of praise? Experts say that the quality of praise is more important than the quantity. If praise is sincere and focused on the effort not the outcome, you can give it as often as your child does something that deserves a verbal reward. “We should especially recognize our children’s efforts to push themselves and work hard to achieve a goal,” says Donahue, author of Parenting Without Fear: Letting Go of Worry and Focusing onWhat Really Matters. “One thing to remember is that it’s the process not the end product that matters.”
Your son may not be the best basketball player on his team. But if he’s out there every day and playing hard, you should praise his effort regardless of whether his team wins or loses. Praising the effort and not the outcome can also mean recognizing your child when she has worked hard to clean the yard, cook dinner, or finish a book report. But whatever it is, praise should be given on a case-by-case basis and be proportionate(相称的) to the amount of effort your child has put into it.
【答案】Parents tend to go to extremes when it comes to praising their kids. (要点一) Yet, both too much and too little praise can be equally damaging. (要点二) When giving praise, parents should be sincere and concentrate on the process instead of the result. (要点三) Similarly, they ought to give praise for how much effort their kids have invested in the work they’re involved in. (要点四)
完成一篇概要写作，需要经过三个步骤，1. 读懂原文，抓住段落主题句。在阅读过程中，需要准确把握文章的段落大意，学会剔除非重要信息，弄清楚不同体裁的文章的内部逻辑关系以及文章的篇章结构。2. 组织语言，转换表达。在找到主题句明确全文中心的基础上，组织好语言，注重语言表达的独立性和准确性以及高级性，不全盘照抄原文句子，尽量用自己的语言转换表达，同时要注意篇幅的比例安排，用较多的文字去表达重要的内容。3. 通读全文，逻辑连贯。要牢记各段落要点之间的逻辑关系