英语外刊精读:天问一号成功登陆火星(对接新人教版必修B3U4及新外研版必修B3U3)

外刊精读:天问一号成功登陆火星(对接新人教版必修B3U4及新外研版必修B3U3)

(2分钟看天问一号着陆火星 近距离感受酷炫全程-- 腾讯视频)

感谢本期分享者:优秀教师 Aria

语篇概况

文章来源:华尔街日报 发布时间:2021-05-20

文章字数: 353字    体裁:新闻报道    

内容简介:本篇文章主要介绍了我国的天问一号着陆器和巡视器组合体成功着陆火星最大平原——乌托邦平原,创造了中国航天史上的新里程碑。中国航天从此真正走向深空,开始探索更为广阔的宇宙。

主题意义:人与自然。通过了解我国天问一号成功登陆火星的基本情况,激发学生探索宇宙奥秘的热情,并引导学生发现在航天领域取得的科技进步对日常生活的重要意义。

话题:宇宙探索

面向群体:高中学生

可对接新教材外研版:必修3  Unit 3 The World of Science

可对接新教材人教版:必修3  Unit 4 Space Exploration

外刊精读:天问一号成功登陆火星(对接新人教版必修B3U4及新外研版必修B3U3)

China Lands on Mars in Crowning Moment for Space Program

The success of the Tianwen-1 mission makes China the third nation after the U.S. and Soviet Union to land on the red planet.

HONG KONG – China’s space program took a giant leap when it landed a rover on Mars on its first attempt this weekend.

Early Saturday, the China National Space Administration said the lander containing its Zhurong rover touched down on the red planet’s Utopia Planitia, an achievement which establishes the nation as a serious contender in the realm of space exploration. The lander is expected to release the rover in the coming days to explore the surface of Mars.

The landing drew praise from the head of science missions at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration as well as Elon Musk, the chief of Tesla and SpaceX.

“Congratulations!! Mars is very difficult,” Mr. Musk tweeted.

Thomas Zurbuchen, an associate administrator of NASA, said on Twitter: “Together with the global science community, I look forward to the important contributions this mission will make to humanity’s understanding of the Red Planet.”

The nine-minute automated landing on Mars came with considerable difficulties given the planet’s thin atmosphere and the inability to communicate with Earth after the process is initiated. That China succeeded on its first try – where other nations have failed – is an important milestone for its space program.

“This is a crowning moment for China,” said Namrata Goswami, a co-author of the book “Scramble for the Skies: The Great Power Competition to Control the Resources of Outer Space.” “It sends a signal to the world that it has caught up with the U.S. in capacity for interplanetary exploration, and that it can be an alternative to the U.S. for space leadership,” she said.

On Saturday, President Xi extended his congratulations to the members of the mission, according to remarks published by the state-run Xinhua News Agency.

“The landing left a Chinese mark on Mars for the first time,” Mr. Xi said. “Thanks to your courage in face of challenges and pursuit of excellence, China is now among the leading countries in planetary exploration.”

外刊精读:天问一号成功登陆火星(对接新人教版必修B3U4及新外研版必修B3U3)

New Words

1. mission   [ˈmɪʃn]     [ˈmɪʃn]

n.(军用飞机或航天火箭的)飞行任务 A mission is a special journey made by a military aeroplane or space rocket

2. leap [liːp]   [liːp]

n. 骤变;激增;飞跃If you leap to a particular place or position, you make a large and important change, increase, or advance.

3. rover [ˈrəʊvə(r)]   [ˈroʊvər]

n. 流浪者;漫游者 a person who likes to travel a lot rather than live in one place

4. contender [kənˈtendə(r)]   [kənˈtendər]

n. 竞争者;角逐者a person who takes part in a competition or tries to win sth

5. realm [relm]   [relm]

n. 领域;场所an area of activity, interest, or knowledge

6. Aeronautics 英  [ˌeərəˈnɔːtɪks]   美  [ˌerəˈnɔːtɪks]

[ U ] the science or practice of building and flying aircraft 航空学;飞行学;飞行术

aero- PREFIX 前缀(用于词首,尤用于名词)表示空中的空气中的

aero- is used at the beginning of words, especially nouns, that refer to things or activities connected with air or movement through the air.

7. tweet [twiːt]   [twiːt]

v. 写推文to post a message to the Twitter online message service

8. associate [əˈsəʊsieɪt; əˈsəʊʃieɪt]   [əˈsoʊsieɪt; əˈsoʊʃieɪt]

( often in titles 常用于头衔 ) of a lower rank, having fewer rights in a particular profession or organization 非正式的;准的;副的

9. humanity 英  [hjuːˈmænəti]   美  [hjuːˈmænəti]

[ U ] people in general (统称)人;人类

10. automated 英  [ˈɔːtəˌmeɪtɪd]   美  [ˈɔːtəmeɪtɪd]

ADJ An automated factory, office, or industrial process uses machines to do the work instead of people. 自动化的

11. inability英  [ˌɪnəˈbɪləti]   美  [ˌɪnəˈbɪləti]

[ U sing.] ~ (to do sth) the fact of not being able to do sth 无能;无力;不能

12. initiate 英  [ɪˈnɪʃieɪt]   美  [ɪˈnɪʃieɪt]

( formal ) to make sth begin 开始;发起;创始

13. milestone 英  [ˈmaɪlstəʊn]   美  [ˈmaɪlstoʊn]

(especially in NAmE also mile·post) a very important stage or event in the development of sth 重要事件;重要阶段;转折点;里程碑

14.  crowning  [ˈkraʊnɪŋ]   [ˈkraʊnɪŋ]

adj. [only before noun] making sth perfect or complete 使完美的;使圆满的

15.  scramble  [ˈskræmbl]   [ˈskræmbl]

[V]~ (for sth) to push, fight or compete with others in order to get or to reach sth 争抢;抢占;争夺

16. interplanetary 英  [ˌɪntəˈplænɪtri]   美  [ˌɪntərˈplænəteri]

[only before noun] between planets 行星间的

17. extend英  [ɪkˈstend]   美  [ɪkˈstend]

[ VN ] ~ sth to sb ( formal ) to offer or give sth to sb 提供;给予

18. pursuit 英  [pəˈsjuːt]   美  [pərˈsuːt]

[ U ] ~ of sth the act of looking for or trying to find sth 追求;寻找

外刊精读:天问一号成功登陆火星(对接新人教版必修B3U4及新外研版必修B3U3)

Reading skill

Choose the best answer according to the passage:

1.What does the underlined word “contender” mean in Para. 3?

A. organizer       B. competitor        C. cooperator        D. performer

2. What does the passage mainly talk about?

A. Space exploration attracts more and more people’s attention.

B. NASA wants to cooperate with China’s space program.

C. China’s space program has made a major accomplishment.

D. China has become the third country that successfully landed on Mars.

3.What attitude do people have faced with the extreme climate change?

A. indifferent  B. negative     C. worried         D. positive

【长难句分析】

1. Early Saturday, the China National Space Administration said the lander containing its Zhurong rover touched down on the red planet’s Utopia Planitia, an achievement which establishes the nation as a serious contender in the realm of space exploration.

【解析】这是一个复合句。句子主语为_________________________________,谓语动词__________,后面____________为宾语从句。宾语从句中containing_________修饰__________an achievement__________,用于解释说明__________________________an achievement其后的which引导_____________

2. The nine-minute automated landing on Mars came with considerable difficulties given the planet’s thin atmosphere and the inability to communicate with Earth after the process is initiated.

【解析】这是一个复合句。句子主干为_________________________________given_______________,意为“_________________”,在句中___________after_________,引导________________

【好词积累】

1. The success of the Tianwen-1 mission makes China the third nation after the U.S. and Soviet Union to land on the red planet.

make的英文解释:__________________________________________________

E.g. He returned to Chicago, and made it his base for the rest of his life.

__________________________________________________________________

2. China’s space program took a giant leap when it landed a rover on Mars on its first attempt this weekend.

leap的英文解释:__________________________________________________

E.g.  Contemporary art has taken a huge leap forward in the last five or six years.

__________________________________________________________________

3. … an achievement which establishes the nation as a serious contender in the realm of space exploration.

Establish在该句中的英文解释:_______________________________________

E.g.  This is going to be the show where up-and-coming comedians will establish themselves.

__________________________________________________________________

E.g.  He has established himself as a pivotal figure in US politics.

__________________________________________________________________

4. The lander is expected to release the rover in the coming days to explore the surface of Mars.

expect的英文解释:_________________________________________________

Sth be expected to do sth: _____________________________________________

E.g.  The change is expected to come into effect early next year.

     _____________________________________________________________

The economy is widely expected to pick up in the first half of next year.

_____________________________________________________________

【学以致用】

 一:Observe the following words formation and then write down the proper form:

1. interplanetary (n.) inter+planetary 

2. inability (n.) – in+ability

3. considerable (adj.) – consider+able

4. excellence (n.) – excellent+ce

5. milestone (n.) – mile+stone

Practice:

1. personal – 人际的 ______    actional – 相互作用的 ______    national – 国际的 ______

2. justice – (反义)_______ comprehension – (反义)______ capacity – (反义)______

3. rely – (adj.) ______   wash – (adj.) ______    adjust – (adj.) ______

4. intelligent – (n.)________     different – (n.) ________  

5. 地标 ________     书签 ________ 

【词块积累】

1. take a giant leap

2. on one’s first attempt

3. in the realm of

4. a crowning moment

5. come with

6. be expected to do

7. together with

 

二:Creative writing: Write a sentence, trying to use the expressions above

Keys

1. take a giant leap _____________________________

2. on one’s first attempt _____________________________

3. in the realm of _____________________________

4. a crowning moment _____________________________

5. come with _____________________________

6. be expected to do _____________________________

7. together with _____________________________

Imitate and write down the following sentences in English:

1. 这次成功的着陆任务确立了中国在行星探索领域的领先地位。(establish)

2. 中国领导人向所有参加东京奥运会的中国运动员表示祝贺。(extend)

 

3. 中国向世界发出了全面建设小康社会的目标信号。(send a signal)

 

4. 到2025年,人工智能将取得巨大飞跃。(leap)

 

5. 你不能指望第一次尝试就尽善尽美。(attempt)

四:Fill in the following blanks with the proper words or form:

China Lands on Mars in Crowning Moment for Space Program

The success of the Tianwen-1 mission makes China the third nation after the U.S. and Soviet Union to land on the red planet. China’s space program took a giant leap when it landed a rover on Mars ___1___ its first attempt this weekend.

Early Saturday, the China National Space Administration said the lander ___2___ (contain) its Zhurong rover touched down on the red planet’s Utopia Planitia, an achievement which establishes the nation as a serious contender in the realm of space exploration. The lander ___3___ (expect) to release the rover in the coming days to explore the surface of Mars.

The landing drew praise from the head of science missions at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration as well as Elon Musk, the chief of Tesla and SpaceX. “Congratulations!! Mars is very difficult,” Mr. Musk tweeted.

Thomas Zurbuchen, an associate administrator of NASA, said on Twitter: “Together with the global science community, I look forward to the important contributions this mission will make to humanity’s understanding of the Red Planet.”

The nine-minute ___4___ (automate) landing on Mars came with considerable difficulties ___5___ (give) the planet’s thin atmosphere and the ___6___ (ability) to communicate with Earth after the process is initiated. That China succeeded on its first try – where other nations ___7___ (fail) – is an important milestone for its space program.

“This is a ___8___ (crown) moment for China,” said Namrata Goswami, a co-author of the book “Scramble for the Skies: The Great Power Competition to Control the Resources of Outer Space.” “It sends a signal to the world ___9___ it has caught up with the U.S. in capacity for interplanetary exploration, and that it can be an alternative to the U.S. for space leadership,” she said.

On Saturday, President Xi extended his congratulations to the members of the mission, according to remarks published by the state-run Xinhua News Agency. “The landing left a Chinese mark on Mars for the first time,” Mr. Xi said. “Thanks to your courage in face of challenges and pursuit of ___10___ (excellent), China is now among the leading countries in planetary exploration.”

Imitate and write a piece of news of less than 50 words.

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

【素养提升】

Discussion:

That China’s space program took a giant leap means that sci-tech innovation plays a vital role in the nation’s prosperity. How do you think about the role of sci-tech innovation? Please come up with two or three pieces of advice.

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

 

 (教师版见小程序)

外刊精读:天问一号成功登陆火星(对接新人教版必修B3U4及新外研版必修B3U3)

外刊精读:天问一号成功登陆火星(对接新人教版必修B3U4及新外研版必修B3U3)

酌情取舍,仅供参考

外刊精读:天问一号成功登陆火星(对接新人教版必修B3U4及新外研版必修B3U3)

外刊精读:天问一号成功登陆火星(对接新人教版必修B3U4及新外研版必修B3U3)

外刊精读:天问一号成功登陆火星(对接新人教版必修B3U4及新外研版必修B3U3)

外刊精读:天问一号成功登陆火星(对接新人教版必修B3U4及新外研版必修B3U3)

外刊精读:天问一号成功登陆火星(对接新人教版必修B3U4及新外研版必修B3U3)

外刊精读:天问一号成功登陆火星(对接新人教版必修B3U4及新外研版必修B3U3)

外刊精读:天问一号成功登陆火星(对接新人教版必修B3U4及新外研版必修B3U3)

外刊精读:天问一号成功登陆火星(对接新人教版必修B3U4及新外研版必修B3U3)

外刊精读:天问一号成功登陆火星(对接新人教版必修B3U4及新外研版必修B3U3)

外刊精读:天问一号成功登陆火星(对接新人教版必修B3U4及新外研版必修B3U3)

外刊精读:天问一号成功登陆火星(对接新人教版必修B3U4及新外研版必修B3U3)

外刊精读:天问一号成功登陆火星(对接新人教版必修B3U4及新外研版必修B3U3)

外刊精读:天问一号成功登陆火星(对接新人教版必修B3U4及新外研版必修B3U3)

外刊精读:天问一号成功登陆火星(对接新人教版必修B3U4及新外研版必修B3U3)

外刊精读:天问一号成功登陆火星(对接新人教版必修B3U4及新外研版必修B3U3)

外刊精读:天问一号成功登陆火星(对接新人教版必修B3U4及新外研版必修B3U3)

外刊精读:天问一号成功登陆火星(对接新人教版必修B3U4及新外研版必修B3U3)

外刊精读:天问一号成功登陆火星(对接新人教版必修B3U4及新外研版必修B3U3)

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