细解英语阅读技巧

阅读策略

以下是一些提高你理解能力的策略。

  • 略读:阅读简短的想法或概述。
  • 扫描:阅读特定细节或特定原因。
  • KWL:确定你对这个主题了解多少,你想知道什么,你学到了什么。
  • 跳过:如果你不理解一个单词或部分,继续阅读。再次回到该部分或单词,并尝试找出其含义。必要时使用字典。
  • 查找标题、副标题和关键字。
  • 大声朗读:孩子们刚开始阅读时大声朗读。你也可以。听到你的英语声音感到舒服。
  • 创建时间表或图表:以不同的格式重新组织阅读内容。
  • 用不同的时态重写。
  • 以不同的格式重写:例如,以信函或列表形式重写文章。
  • 举例说明:如果你认为自己是一名视觉学习者,那么就画一张与你所读内容相关的图片或信息图表。
  • 写问题:当你阅读时,思考你在测试或测验中可能发现的问题。写下来并回答,或者测验朋友。
  • 总结或复述:你可以通过写信给朋友、写博客文章、制作网络摄像头视频或就这个话题开始对话来做到这一点。
  • 学习词缀:了解前缀和后缀将提高你的单词识别能力。
  • 写一本词汇日记。
  • 找个词汇搭档。
  • 使用钢笔或尺子:有些人发现用步子阅读更容易。钢笔、尺子或指尖可以帮助你保持你的位置,防止你的眼睛走神。如果您正在计算机或移动设备上阅读,这可能不合适。如有必要,将屏幕调整为较大尺寸。

Reading Strategies

Here are some strategies for improving your comprehension skills.

  • Skim: read for the brief idea or overview.
  • Scan: read for specific details or a specific reason.
  • KWL: determine what you Know about the topic, what you Want to know, and what you Learned.
  • Skip: if you don't understand a word or section, keep reading ahead. Come back to the section or word again and try to figure out the meaning. Use a dictionary if necessary.
  • Look for headings, subtitles and keywords.
  • Read out loud: children read out loud when they first start reading. You can too. Get comfortable hearing your English voice.
  • Create timelines or charts: reorganize what you read in a different format.
  • Rewrite in a different tense.
  • Rewrite in a different format: for example, rewrite an article in letter or list form.
  • Illustrate: if you think you're a visual learner, sketch images or an infographic related to what you read.
  • Write the questions: as you read, think about which questions you might find on a test or quiz. Write them down and answer them, or quiz a friend.
  • Summarize or retell: you can do this by writing a letter to a friend, writing a blog post, making a web cam video, or just starting a conversation on this topic.
  • Learn affixes: knowing prefixes and suffixes will increase your word recognition.
  • Keep a vocabulary journal.
  • Get a vocabulary partner.
  • Use a pen or ruler: some people find it is easier to read with a pacer. A pen, ruler or fingertip can help you keep your place and prevent your eyes from wandering off. This may not be suitable if you are reading on a computer or mobile device. Adjust the screen to a larger size if necessary.

 

via 郑新民谈英语教学与研究