新高考读后续写(85)| 句式提升之独立结构的使用

新高考读后续写(85)| 句式提升之独立结构的使用

新高考读后续写(85)| 句式提升之独立结构的使用

 

独立主格结构是由“名词或代词+现在分词、过去分词、不定式、形容词短语、名词短语、介词短语或副词短语”构成的一种独立结构。在该结构中,名词或代词与其后的部分构成逻辑上的主谓关系,用来修饰谓语动词或整个句子。在句中作状语,表示 “时间、条件、原因、伴随,方式或结果”等含义其位置比较灵活,放于句首、句中或句末。

一、请仔细观察下列句子中独立结构的作用

1. 名词(代词)+ 现在分词  

The clock striking twelve, I went to bed. (表原因)  

2. 名词(代词)+ 过去分词  

He lay there on his back, his teeth set, his right hand clenched on his breast. (表伴随)  

3. 名词(代词)形容词短语   

Her face pale with anger, she rose to go away. (表原因) 

4. 名词(代词)介词短语   

Then, last night, I followed him here and climbed in, sword in hand. (表方式)  

5. 名词(代词)副词短语  

Summer over, the students returned to school. (表原因)

二、请使用独立结构改写下列句子

1. Her eyes brimmed with tears and she left.

【答案】 

2. The boy stood there and his face was rigid with anger.

【答案】 

3. I clasped my hands behind me and I was too shocked to say a word.

【答案】 

4. A girl came in with a book in her hand.

【答案】 

5. The manager sat quietly in the office and his eyes were closed.

【答案】 

6. They sat in the room with the curtains drawn.

【答案】 

7. Oliver jumped up and his face was bright red with anger. 

【答案】 

8. Linda leapt to her feet and her eyes was blazing with anger.

【答案】 

9. As we hugged Ruth good-bye, she said to me. Her tears was shining in her eyes.

【答案】 

10. He cried and his blue eyes was shining behind his glasses.

【答案】 

三、实战演练2018年6月浙江高考)

阅读下面短文,根据所给情节进行续写,使之构成一个完整的故事。

It was summer, and my dad wanted to treat me to a vacation like never before. He decided to take me on a trip to the Wild West.

We took a plane to Albuquerque, a big city in the state of New Mexico. We reached Albuquerque in the late afternoon. Uncle Paul, my dad’s friend, picked us up from the airport and drove us up to his farm in Pecos.

His wife Tina cooked us a delicious dinner and we got to know his sons Ryan and Kyle. My dad and I spent the night in the guestroom of the farm house listening to the frogs and water rolling down the river nearby. Very early in the morning, Uncle Paul woke us up to have breakfast. "The day starts at dawn on my farm," he said. After breakfast, I went to help Aunt Tina feed the chickens. while my dad went with Uncle Paul to take the sheep out to graze(吃草). I was impressed to see my dad and Uncle Paul riding horses. They looked really cool.

In the afternoon, I asked Uncle Paul if I could take a hose ride, and he said yes, as long as my dad went with me. I wasn’t going to take a horse ride by myself anyway. So, my dad and I put on our new cowboy hats, got on our horses, and headed slowly towards the mountains. "Don’t be late for supper," Uncle Paul cried, "and keep to the track so that you don’t get lost!" "OK! " my dad cried back. After a while Uncle Paul and his fam house were out of sight. It was so peaceful and quiet and the colors of the brown rocks, the deep green pine trees, and the late afternoon sun mixed to create a magic scene. It looked like a beautiful woven(编织的)blanket spread out upon the ground just for us.

注意:

1. 所续写短文的词数应为l50左右;

2. 至少使用5个短文中标有下划线的关键词语:

3. 续写部分分为两段,每段的开头语已为你写好;

4. 续写完成后,请用下划线标出你所使用的关键词语。

Suddenly a little rabbit jumped out in front of my horse.  ________________________________

We had no idea where we were and it got dark.  ______________________________________

【参考范文】

     Suddenly a little rabbit jumped out in front of my horse. My horse reared into the air, let out a frightened whinny, and galloped off the track.  I held on for dear life, branches lashing into my arms and face. Finally he slowed down, then stopped, but looking around at the endless sea of trees, I knew we had gotten hopelessly lost. I called and the only answer was the rustling of the wind in the trees. The horse meandered through the lonesome pines, with me continuing to call and scan the horizon for a familiar landmark, ears pricked for the sound of a horse or a human voice.

     We had no idea where we were and it got dark. At last I heard the welcome sound of rushing water -- the river!  Gratefully we went to the bank and drank our fill. We followed it in the direction that the sun had set, and eventually heard the familiar frogs, and saw the comforting sight of the old farm house, my dad shining a huge lamp from the porch, guiding our way home.

【点评】独立结构是英语语言表达中的一种高级形式,也是高中生英语学习中的一个难点。在这篇文章中,作者熟练地使用独立结构进行辅助描写,使故事的表达更加出彩。

via 刘运芳英语备考